MODEL PROJECT PROFILES
FOR GUIDANCE OF
CHANNELISING AGENCIES OF
NATIONAL SCHEDULED TRIBES
FINANCE AND DEVELOPMENT
NBCC Tower, 15 Bhikaji Cama Place,
New Delhi-110 066
Goat is usually referred to as the cow of the poor. Rearing of goat is easy and can be done by landless labourers, women and children. Goat has the ability to survive on little vegetation and grass. Goat farming suits India’s climate and economic situation. This is evident from the fact that every year 1/3rd of goats are slaughtered. But the population has been constantly rising. It was 40.7 million in 1951 and now India has a goat population of 115 million as per the 1992 census. The contribution of goatery to the country can be gauged from the following facts:
Yearly production of goat milk
Yearly production of meat
1.5 million tonnes
0.4 million tonnes
0.1 million tonnes
The main breeds of goats available in the country are Jamuna Pari, Beetal, Bar Bari, Sirohi, Osmanabadi, Jhakarna and Sanganeri.
Different breeds are found in different parts of the country. Depending on the objective, meat or milk, the breeds are selected so as to earn maximum profits. Major breeds of goats, their region and milk yield is given in the table below:
S. No. Breed
On the bank of Jamuna and chambal river
Haryana and Delhi
Quantity of milk
Besides these breeds, there are other breeds as well like Sitren that yield 3.3 litre of milk, Alpine breeds yield 2.5 litres of milk and Taganvery yields 2 litres everyday. These high quality breeds are crossed with indigenous breeds to produce economically more viable breeds. Project start-up recommendations are:
50 does (She goats)
2 Bucks (He goats Osmanabadi)
Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra
Goat meat has no religious inhibitions and is consumed by all the religions and races in the country. Goat milk is source of cheap protein for the poor people and has medicinal properties. Goats are also major sources of leather and leather products in the country. Goats are simple creature and live in the domestic environment. Goats can be reared commercially and such venture is viable and may form source of livelihood and extra income for poor people in the villages.
Goat farming thus provides a good source of living and has great potential in most part of the country.
Goats prefer clean, dry and solid floor; wet places affect their milk production. They need cheap shelter to protect them from the vagaries of Nature like rain, winter etc. the requirement of space and its cost is furnished in the table below: S.
animal sq. ft
Cost of animals
50 @ Rs. 900 each
2 @ Rs. 1100 each
Total cost (in Rs.)
Main assumptions made for the project
Age at maturity
No. of Kiddings per year
Sex ratio (male : female)
Production target (Annual)
Traditionally goats reared in villages are not given much attention towards their feed and...
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