1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals.
The anatomy which is the physical structure of the body and the physiology which is the normal functions of the body help us to move our limbs. Muscles work like leavers and this allow the bones at a joint to work like hinges. When moving someone it is important to remember that the muscles can only move the joint as far as the bone will allow them.
When moving an individual you must take into account if they have any conditions that acquire special moving techniques. Here are a few examples;
Individuals with Parkinson’s may have limb rigidity which can affect their ability of movement and cause limitations. When moving the individual into different positions you must make sure to force the rigid limbs as this can cause further pain and discomfort.
Individuals that have had a stroke often have long-term and devastating weakness down one side of their body. When moving that individual you must be aware of the extent of the stroke and on which side of the body has been effected.
1.2 Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual.
If you have someone who has had a stroke this may cause them to loose the use of their limbs which mean that it is important to remember that you dress the bad side first and undress it last. This is so you are not pulling their muscles in the direction they won’t go.
If an individual has a fracture, the movement must be gentle and careful, and the right procedure must be followed, so as to reduce any complications to the fracture.
If an individual is bed-bound, the correct hoist and sling must be used.
When staff adhere to the appropriate moving techniques, it will reduce the risks of back injury
Describe how legislation and agreed ways of working affect working practices related