The behavior of Russ, the main character in the movie, can be described by using four different theories of development. Firstly, we can describe Russ’s behavior by Psychoanalytic Theories. In this case, Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory will be used to explain the behavior of Russ. According to Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory (Cherry, 2011a), there are eight stages of human development and people will experience a conflict that serves as a turning point in each stage of development. People who had overcome the conflict in each stage will develop a psychological quality whereas those who could not overcome the conflict will fail to develop that quality. In the movie, Russ did not overcome the conflict in sixth stage, which is intimacy vs. isolation. For example, as Russ did not have a good relationship with his father when he was small, end up he turns out to be a man who being isolated, as he did not get marry or even own a dog. This is because he did not develop intimacy since small. He did not know how to commit himself to another person. The next theory that can be used to describe Russ’s behaviour is The Information Processing Theory. This theory is use to analyse the way of how people learn something new. (Thadani, 2010). It is a three stage theory of memory, which is sensory memory, short-term or working memory and long-term memory. In this movie, Russ experienced the short-term memory. For example, he almost forgets his childhood memories. Besides that, Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory can also be used to describe Russ’s behaviour. This theory proposed that people can learn new information behaviours through a process called modelling (Cherry, 2011b). Russ realizes that there are many things that he can learn from Rusty. For example, through modelling the everyday behaviour of Rusty, Russ had learnt to become a more caring person. The last theory that can be used to describe the behaviour of Russ is Ecological Theory. According to this theory, environment...
References: Cherry, K. (2011a). Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development: Psychosocial development in infancy and early childhood. Retrieved April 9, 2011 from http://psychology.about.com/od/psychosocialtheories/a/psychosocial.htm
Cherry, K. (2011b). Social learning theory: An overview of Bandura’s social learning theory. Retrieved April 9, 2011 from http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/a/sociallearning.htm
Cherry, K. (2011c). The conscious and unconscious mind: The structure of the mind according to Sigmund Freud. Retrieved April 10, 2011 from http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/consciousuncon.htm
Ryan, J. (2001). Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory. Retrieved April 9, 2011 from http://pt3.nl.edu/paquetteryanwebquest.pdf
Thadani, R. (2010). Information processing theory. Retrieved April 9, 2011 from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/information-processing-theory.html
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