Movers and Shakers in Education
GCU: EDU 576
April 7, 2014
Education has been a concept of the most rudimentary from far back to times we cannot even comprehend to our more modern idea of education. Every aspect of American education was founded or molded by another country’s education system or some influential person’s philosophy. Along those paths, people, ideas, concepts, etc. have been more influential than most.
Many United States citizens do not know the impact of the Kalamazoo case. United States citizens know some of the taxes they pay to the various entities (local, city, district, state, etc.) help to fund their local schools, from elementary schools to public universities. What they do not know is this case not only allowed for taxes to fund public schooling, it started a whole revolution of change in young children’s education. (Webb, 2013)
Not only did the Kalamazoo case allow for more public funding, the case set the precedent for mandatory attendance for school aged children. This allowed the precedence for child labor laws. Because of this increase in students attending school, the literacy rate increased, but still varied by region, especially amongst those students who were non-white. As “[b]lacks had the highest illiteracy rate: 30.4% in 1910.” (Webb, 2013) In 1954, the U.S. Supreme court heard one of the most influential cases. This case would impact the future of not only the civil right movement, but also, the equal rights movement. The decision of the Supreme Court in the Brown vs. The Board of Education of Topeka case stated “… segregated educational facilities have no place in public education and generate a feeling of inferiority that affects the child’s motivation to learn.” (Webb, pg. 179, 2013) Brown would become a stepping-stone for the civil rights movement in the 1960s. It would also be used in cases where not only racial segregation happened, but also in cases where segregation and/or discrimination based sex, creed, ability, accessibility, language, etc. hindered free public education to all. Equal and fair public education is a right for anyone. However, in more modern times, fair and equal does not always mean race and sex.
“…[T]he standards represent an effort to set common expectations for college and career readiness across all states that would replace the wide variations from state to state that currently exist.” (Webb, pg. 371, 2013) Since NCLB, states have been racing to catch up with other states in scores and improvement rates. The push for a common curriculum to have our children on a common ground is a basis for the Common Core. The CCSS allow for a national education system to better prepare our children for college and the workforce. (Webb, 2013) US students competing with other contrives’ children for technologically based jobs, our students lack the required skills needed to perform at a high level. The United States “…[I]n mathematics, 29 nations and other jurisdictions outperformed the United States...In reading, 19 other locales scored higher than U.S. students — a jump from nine in 2009." (Chappell, 2014) Not only does the CCSS provide a basis for a standardized curriculum, it helps to set up a way for students to think critically.
Critical thinkers are now required in almost every career field in the world requiring a higher degree. With the advancement of technology, and the ease of which it is to access and gain information, students need a different way of thinking. Logically and critically thinking has been a basis of an education system for centuries.
Socrates employed an ideal of a “good education has no such simple instant answers.” (Socrates Today, 2014) The Socratic method is an inquiry-based system where questions are asked to have anyone (not just students) think about what they are saying and reason through their answers. (Webb, 2013) Critical thinking is essentially a...
References: Cases and Laws that Have Affected the Education of Students with Disabilities. (n.d.). Yahoo Contributor Network. Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://voices.yahoo.com/cases-laws-affected-education-of-851237.html
Grand Canyon University | Digital Resource. (n.d.). Grand Canyon University | Digital Resource. Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://lc.gcumedia.com/zwebassets/courseMaterialPages/edu576_eduTimeline.php
The Kalamazoo Case
The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights. (n.d.). The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights. Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://www.civilrights.org/judiciary/supreme-court/key-cases.html
Socratic method. (n.d.). Socratic method. Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/4994
Webb, L. D., & Metha, A. (2013). American Education: From Revolution to the Twentieth Century. Foundations of American education (7th ed., pp. 131-165). Boston: Pearson.
Webb, L. D., & Metha, A. (2013). Curriculum and Instruction. Foundations of American education (7th ed., pp. 363-395). Boston: Pearson.
Webb, L. D., & Metha, A. (2013). Modern American Education: From the Progressive Movement to the Present. Foundations of American education (7th ed., pp. 165-199). Boston: Pearson.
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