Movers and Shakers in Education

Topics: United States Constitution, Supreme Court of the United States, Brown v. Board of Education Pages: 2 (743 words) Published: August 2, 2013
Movers and Shakers in Education
This is an in depth look at four events in history that shaped our educational system in America. There are many key educators and events that helped evolve the concepts of learning today. As I looked back through the timeline of significant people that took a stand and events that occurred it made me realize just how important education is, but also how important change is to the development of education. The four events that I will be including in this essay are the 1954-1955 Brown vs. The Board of Education, 1965 The Elementary & Secondary Education Act, 1990 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and the 2009 The Common Core State Standards Initiative. [pic]

The 1954-1955 case of Brown vs. The Board of Education was a case brought to the courts to fight for equal rights of all students. Even though the constitution was in place and stated, "All men are created equal," they weren’t. Black children were segregated from using the same public facilities, riding the same buses, and attending the same schools. According to the United States Courts, “When the cases came before the Supreme Court in 1952, the Court consolidated all five cases under the name of Brown v. Board of Education. Marshall personally argued the case before the Court. Although he raised a variety of legal issues on appeal, the most common one was that separate school systems for blacks and whites were inherently unequal, and thus violate the "equal protection clause" of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Furthermore, relying on sociological tests, such as the one performed by social scientist Kenneth Clark, and other data, he also argued that segregated school systems had a tendency to make black children feel inferior to white children, and thus such a system should not be legally permissible.” [pic]

The Elementary & Secondary Education Act, which was enacted in 1965, “allocates...

References: Common Core State Standards Initiative. (2013). Implementing the Common Core State Standards. Retrieved from http://www.corestandards.org/
Law.com. (2013). Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Retrieved from http://education.laws.com/elementary-and-secondary-education-act
National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY). (2013). IDEA – the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Retrieved from http://nichcy.org/laws/idea
United States Courts. (n.d.). History of Brown v. Board of Education. Retrieved from http://www.uscourts.gov/educational-resources/get-involved/federal-court-activities/brown-board-education-re-enactment/history.aspx
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