Mica Chanel McLeod
Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care. Unit: 56 Unit reference: J/601/8027 1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals.
We need to know the normal range of movement of the muscles and joints so when moving, handling and positioning a person we know the limits of each limb. We need to take into consideration other factors that may inhibit a person’s movement such as: • Old Fractures
• Torn Muscles
• Rheumatism and Arthritic conditions.
This should all be written within the individuals care plan as well as a step by step plan on that has been agreed with them on how to move and handle them. We need to understand that elderly people are not as supple as younger people and even if they do not suffer movement restriction through a medical condition. They bruise easier too and so great care has to be taken when handling, moving and positioning them especially when assisting them to sit up or when using the hoist strap. Failure to follow the care plan and any presenting conditions can lead to causing the individual injury, pain and discomfort. It may also lead to legal action being raised.
1.2 Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual. There are many conditions that can impact on movement and positioning of people. People with arthritis normally have stiff painful joints and are limited movement in certain areas. When moving or positioning a person it is important to take care doing this so there is reduced pain and discomfort. Some people may suffer from cerebral palsy, as a result of this, some of their muscles may be contracted or joints will be causing a fixed rigid limb. Anyone who is looking after someone who has cerebral palsy will need to ensure they use effective communication and be careful whilst moving and handling them. People with Parkinson's disease can have rigid limbs that affect normal moving, so it is important to not force movement in the affected limb as it can cause pain and damage to the joint. As individuals with Parkinson's also have slower reactions, they will need more time to move and shouldn't be rushed. Carers should also be aware of non-verbal signs of pain and discomfort as the person may not be able to communicate their pain verbally. Carers should be aware of a person's movement if they have had a limb amputated, depending on where the limb was amputated and whether they have an artificial limb which can aid in movement. Carers should also be aware that people with Cerebral Palsy can have contracted muscles or joints that cause a fixed, rigid limb, so should accurately communicate when helping the person with moving and positioning.
2.1 Describe how legislation and agreed ways of working affect working practices related to moving and positioning individuals. Every time care workers move or support an individual they are performing manual handling on that individual. According to health and safety executive (HSE) 50% of all reported accidents are from the health and social sector and in particular with moving and handling. To reduce the amount of accidents and injuries, there is legislation in place to protect everybody. Few examples of legislations; Lifting operations and
Lifting equipment regulations 1998
Ensures that equipment used is safe and suitable and has had regular safety checks in line with legislation. Manual handling operations regulations 1992, health and safety at work act 1974- we must take safety and load into consideration. These legislations are in place to make sure it is a legal requirements for employers to make sure the health, safety and welfare of their employees is maintained and for employees to have a duty of care for themselves and others.
2.2 Describe what health and safety factors need to be taken into...
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