Mount Fujiyama: One of the Most Beautiful Volcanoes in the World

Topics: Volcano, Mount Fuji, Plate tectonics Pages: 2 (577 words) Published: April 3, 2013
The volcanic mountain I have chosen is Mount Fuji also known in its proper term; Mount Fujiyama. It’s located near the pacific coast on Honshu Island in southwest of Tokyo, Japan. Here is Mount Fuji on a world map:

And here it is on a regional map:

Mount Fuji is one of the most beautiful volcanoes in the world and is a well-known tourist attraction. There are many definitions of the word “Fuji”; some are wealth, abundant and immortal. The ancient samurais used Fuji as a training area for hundreds of years. The volcano was also painted in many ancient artworks and it still is today. Mount Fuji is 3776 meters tall (easily the tallest mountain in japan) and has a near perfect cone (unlike other volcanoes), which makes it so beautiful.

Fuji is a composite volcano and has a base diameter of almost 50 km and culminates in a 500 m wide and 250 m deep summit crater. It has an andesite core which makes it an explosive volcano. It is also a dormant volcano. The volcano overlies many older volcanoes, including Komitake and Ko-Fuji (Older Fuji), which was active 100,000 - 10,000 years ago. From 8000 to 4500 years ago, Fuji's activity was mainly explosive before another effusive cycle took place between 4500 to 3000 years ago. In the past 3000 years, large explosive eruptions occurred in between phases of milder effusive activity. From 3000 to 2000 years ago, most eruptions took place at the summit, while a large number of flank eruptions occurred during the past 2000 years, forming more than 100 flank cones. The most known eruption of Mt Fuji was on 26th October 1707 and was Fuji's largest during historical time. The eruption announced it self with a 8.4 magnitude earthquake, shattering Honshu Island. The major eruption started on 16th December 1707 from a new vent on the southeast flank of the volcano erupting a sub-plinian column of ash and pumice, turning into basaltic lava fountaining after 6 hours into the eruption. On the first day of the...
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