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Motocross

By johnmx64 May 06, 2013 995 Words
Pakistan
By: John Mayer, Austin Snyder

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Map of Pakistan

Population

• 176,745,364

Geography
• Pakistan
is a profound blend of landscapes varying from plains to deserts, forests, hills, and plateaus ranging from the coastal areas of the Arabian Sea in the south to the mountains of the Karakam range in the north. Pakistan geologically overlaps both with the Indian and the Eurasian tectonic plates where its Sindh and Punjabprovinces lie on the north-western corner of the

Major Sights
• Pakistan Monument • Daman-e-Koh • Lahore Fort

History

Prior to creation as a modern state in 1947, the area of modern Pakistan was both ruled by local kings and under numerous imperial power throughout different time periods. The ancient history of the region comprising present-day Pakistan also includes some of the oldest empires from the subcontinent[1] and some of its major civilizations.[2][3][4][5] By the 18th century the land was incorporated into British India. The political history of the nation began with the birth of the All India Muslim League in 1906 to protect "Muslim interests, amid neglect and under-representation" and to oppose Congress and growing Indian nationalism in return the British Raj would decide to grant local self-rule. On 29 December 1930, Sir Muhammad Iqbal called for an autonomous new state in "northwestern India for Indian Muslims".[6] The League rose to popularity in the late 1930s. Muhammad Ali Jinnah espoused the Two Nation Theory and led the League to adopt the Lahore Resolution[7] of 1940, demanding the formation of independent states in the East and the West of British India. Eventually, a united Pakistan with its wings – West Pakistan and East Pakistan – gained independence from the British, on 14 August 1947. After a civil war, the Bengal region of East Pakistan, separated at a considerable distance from the rest of Pakistan, became the independent state of Bangladesh in 1971.

Major Event

September 1948 - Pakistan's founder and first governor-general, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, dies. October 1951 - Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan is shot dead. October 1958 - Governor-General Iskander Mirza enforces martial law with General Ayub Khan as Chief Martial Law Administrator. Ayub Khan later assumes the presidency and sacks Mirza. September 1965 - India-Pakistan war over disputed Kashmir region. March 1969 - General Yahya Khan takes over from Ayub Khan. December 1970 - Elections are held under which Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto wins in West Pakistan but the Awami League wins nearly all seats in East Pakistan, giving it an overall majority. Yahya and Bhutto refuse to allow the Awami League to form a government. Dec 1971 - India and Pakistan fight war over East Pakistan, which ends in surrender of 90,000 Pakistani troops and leads to the creation of Bangladesh. - Yahya hands power over to Bhutto, who takes over as prime minister in 1973. 1977 - Army chief General Zia-ul-Haq seizes power. April 1979 - Bhutto is hanged on disputed conviction for conspiring to commit a political murder. August 1988 - Zia dies in plane crash. November - Benazir Bhutto, daughter of Zulfiqar, wins elections. 1990 - President Ghulam Ishaq Khan sacks Bhutto's government, accusing it of corruption and abuse of power. Nawaz Sharif is elected prime minister. 1993 - Ishaq Khan dismisses Sharif's government, accusing it of corruption. Bhutto becomes prime minister again. November 1996 - President Farooq Leghari sacks Bhutto and calls elections, which are won by Sharif.

Independence Movement

14 August, is a national holiday in Pakistan, commemorating the day when Pakistan achieved independence and was declared a sovereign nation, following the end of the British Raj in 1947. Pakistan came into existence as a result of the Pakistan Movement; the Pakistan Movement aimed for creation of an independent Muslim state by partition of the north-western region of the Indian subcontinent and was led by All-India Muslim Leagueunder the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

Government

The Government of Pakistan is a federal government established by theConstitution of Pakistan as a centralized governing authority of the four provinces of a proclaimed and established parliamentary democratic republic, constitutionally called the State of Pakistan.[1] The order of operations constitutes a Westminster system, and it comprises three branches of government: the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary. The executive branch is headed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan, who is a chief executive(Head of Government) and exercises his or her power on officers subordinate to him or her

Economy

The
 economy
 of
 Pakistan
 is
 the
 25th
 largest
 economy
 in
 the
 world
 in
 terms
 of
 purchasing
 power,
 and
  the
 44th
 largest
 in
 absolute
 dollar
 terms.
 Pakistan
 has
 a
 semi-­‐industrialized
 economy,
 which
 mainly
  encompasses
 texAles,
 
 and
 other
 industries.
 Growth
 poles
 of
 Pakistan's
 economy
 are
 situated
 along
  the
 Indus
 River,
 diversified
 economies
 of
 Karachi
 and
 Punjab's
 urban
 centers,
 coexist
 with
 lesser
  developed
 areas
 in
 other
 parts
 of
 the
 country.
 The
 economy
 has
 suffered
 in
 the
 past
 from
 decades
  of
 internal
 poliAcal
 disputes,
 a
 fast
 growing
 populaAon,
 mixed
 levels
 of
 foreign
 investment,
 and
 a
  costly,
 ongoing
 confrontaAon
 with
 neighboring
 India.
 However,
 IMF-­‐approved
 government
 policies[,
  bolstered
 by
 foreign
 investment
 and
 renewed
 access
 to
 global
 markets,
 have
 generated
 solid
  macroeconomic
 recovery
 the
 last
 decade.
 SubstanAal
 macroeconomic
 reforms
 since
 2000,
 most
  notably
 at
 privaAzing
 the
 banking
 sector
 have
 helped
 the
 economy.

Jobs
• Accounting Jobs • Advertising Jobs • And Bank Jobs

Political Leaders

Pakistan Politics takes place within the framework of a federal republic, where the system of government has at times been parliamentary, presidential, or semi-presidential. In the current parliamentary system, the President of Pakistan is the largely ceremonial head of state, the Prime Minister is head of government, and there is a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is largely vested in the Parliament.

Work Cited
• • • • •
http://www.cnn.com/2013/03/17/world/asia/pakistan-politics http://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/pakistan/independence-day http://www.pakistan.gov.pk/ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/04/2013419425176901.html http://www.reuters.com/places/pakistan

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