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Motivation of Employees

Topics: Motivation / Pages: 2 (410 words) / Published: Apr 23rd, 2011

NAME: Andrea Gracias Post graduate Diploma in Human Resources.

TITLE : Motivating and rewarding employees

Introduction to Motivation
At one time, employees were considered just another input into the production of goods and services. What perhaps changed this way of thinking about employees was research, referred to as the Hawthorne Studies, conducted by Elton Mayo from 1924 to 1932 (Dickson, 1973). This study found employees are not motivated solely by money and employee behavior is linked to their attitudes (Dickson, 1973). The Hawthorne Studies began the human relations approach to management, whereby the needs and motivation of employees become the primary focus of managers (Bedeian, 1993).
The Role of Motivation
Why do we need motivated employees? The answer is survival (Smith, 1994). Motivated employees are needed in our rapidly changing workplaces. Motivated employees help organizations survive. Motivated employees are more productive. To be effective, managers need to understand what motivates employees within the context of the roles they perform. Of all the functions a manager performs, motivating employees is arguably the most complex. This is due, in part, to the fact that what motivates employees changes constantly (Bowen & Radhakrishna, 1991). For example, research suggests that as employees' income increases, money becomes less of a motivator (Kovach, 1987). Also, as employees get older, interesting work becomes more of a motivator.


The purpose of this study is to describe the importance of certain factors in motivating employees

To study & describe the importance of the following motivating factors: Corporate Culture, Morale boosters, Recognition, Non cash incentives, Motivation by compensation

• Describe how managers can design individual jobs to maximize employee performance • Describe the effect of workforce diversity on motivational practices • Describe how entrepreneurs motivate their employees

The research design for this study will include primary data as well as secondary data.
Primary Data:
A survey questionnaire will be developed to collect data for the study through use of a written questionnaire hand-delivered to participants. The questionnaire will ask the participants to rank the importance of ten factors that motivated them in doing their work: 1=most important . . . 10=least important .
Secondary Data:
Use major approaches that have led to our understanding of motivation. which are Maslow's need-hierarchy theory, Herzberg's two- factor theory, Vroom's expectancy theory, Adams' equity theory, and Skinner's reinforcement theory.
Will also be analyzing two companies’ strategies in motivating their employees

Wigan & leigh College
WIgan & leigh college learning resource centre

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