Motivation of Employees
McShane, Olekalns and Travaglione, refer to motivation as “the forces within a person that affect the direction, intensity and persistence of voluntary behaviour. Motivated employees are willing to exert a particular level of effort (intensity), for a certain amount of time (persistence), towards a particular goal (direction). Motivation is one of the four essential drivers of individual behaviour and performance”. (McShane et.al, 2013, pg. 138). In other words, motivation is in the form of things that stimulates us, and further enhances our knowledge. People do things, not because they have to, but because they’re somewhat interested in the activity or the task that they have to do, and people often learn from these activities, get the results that they want, thus, making them strive to continue working.
However, motivation can be seen as: * Intrinsic – the business dictionary defines intrinsic motivation as “stimulate that drives an individual to adopt or change a behaviour for his or her own internal satisfaction or fulfilment. Intrinsic motivation is usually self-applied, and springs from a direct relationship between the individual and
References: * Jameson, C. & Jameson, J. 2008, "Motivation in the workplace - cultivating your team", Dental Economics, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 64-65. * McShane, Olekalns, Travaglione, 2013, Organisational Behaviour – Emerging Knowledge. Global Insights, McGraw Hill Australia Pty. Ltd, North Ryde. * Simon, S.S. 2011, "The Essentials of Employee Engagement in Organizations", Journal of Contemporary Research in Management, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 63-72. * Definition of extrinsic motivation from the business dictionary Retrieved April 16, 2013 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/extrinsic-motivation.html#ixzz2QhiPCO1z * Definition of intrinsic motivation from the business dictionary Retrieved April 16, 2013 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/intrinsic-motivation.html#ixzz2QhgBEmyp * Motivation in the Workplace, 2010, Retrieved April 14, 2013 from http://www.bizhelp24.com/personal/employment-and-personal-development/motivation-in-the-workplace.html