Motivation in Exercise and Sport

Topics: Motivation, Physical education, Sports science Pages: 16 (5704 words) Published: December 6, 2012
Motivation in Sport
Spencer Shelburne
Clearwater Christian College

Abrahamsen, F. E., Roberts, G. C., Pensgaard, A. M., & Ronglan, L. T. (2008). Perceived Ability and Social Support as Mediators of Achievement Motivation and Performance Anxiety. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 18(6), 810-821. The purpose of this study performed by these Scandinavian researchers was to examine the relationship between motivation, social support and performance anxiety. The participants selected for this survey were 143 athletes from 10 elite handball teams (5 male and 5 female). As for the procedures of the study, these researchers used a series of questionnaires to determine different aspects dealing with motivation, and here are the surveys they used: Perceived Motivation Climate in Sport Questionnaire (PMCSQ), Perception of Success Questionnaire (POSQ, Perceived Ability (PA), Sport Anxiety Scale (SAS), and the Marlow-Crown Questionnaire. It was shown, by way of the results of the questionnaires, that there were no significant differences in orientations or the motivational climates being related to social support availability, and there was no significant relationship between perceptions of the motivational climate and the use of social support. One profession that would find this article most useful and influential would be coaches because they have a direct impact how their athletes perceive things by giving such social support.

Allman, T. L., Mittelstaedt, R. D., Martin, B., & Goldenberg, M. (2009). Exploring the Motivations of BASE Jumpers: Extreme Sport Enthusiasts. Journal Of Sport & Tourism, 14(4), 229-247.

This study researched the motivational factors for extreme sports. The participants of it were 54 base jumpers with an average age of 35 years old (46 male and 8 female). Interviews were conducted as the main procedure to receive the data. The researchers used a means-end approach to explore motivations for participation in the extreme sport of base jumping. The results indicated that base jumpers deliberately took risks as a means of becoming positively transformed, which was essential to their quality of life (Allman, 229). In this article, it was found that for some people, these base jumpers specifically, it takes and extreme sport of some kind to motivate and stimulate them to be involved and enjoy physical activity. We today need to realize that there are different ways to motivate different people, and the biggest thing for us would be just to find out what those motivating factors are and implement them safely. Appleton, P. R. and Hill, A. P. (2012) Perfectionism and Athlete Burnout in Junior Elite Athletes: The Mediating Role of Motivation Regulations. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology. 6, 129-145. In this study, the purpose was to build upon emerging research by examining the of perfectionism dimensions and motivation regulations in athlete burnout. 231 elite junior athletes served as the participants for this study (204 males, 27 females). Each athlete played soccer for an approximate average of 8.5 years and had an average age of 17. They were considered elite because of the excellence they showed while playing against people of their own age and because of the special coaching that they received. All of the athletes completed the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale, the Sport Motivation Scale, and the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire. The questionnaires were distributed out toward the end of the competitive season. The findings of their research suggested that intrinsic motivation and amotivation mediate the relationship between socially prescribed and self-oriented dimensions of perfectionism and burnout symptoms in junior elite athletes. Basically, motivation may vary in athletes who are just burnt out and exhausted. This implies that athletes who are perfectionist can mostly near the end of an athletic season lose motivation based on just being...
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