top-rated free essay

Motivation by Job Design

By AnnieJohnson1 Mar 31, 2013 450 Words
Most research in job design suggests taking a look at the aspect of job structure. This structure tells us how these elements in a job are organized can act to increase or decrease effort. When I took a look at the Job Characteristics Model (JCM) it describes five core job dimensions that managers should look into to increase motivation within employees.  I have heard employees say “I only come to work for this easy check, there is nothing to do here but eat, sleep and the most work if any is when a resident decides to act out. I wondered about those statements and ask myself ' Do they like their job, do they want to be here, and most of all are they committed or can they become committed? This is why I thought, Motivating by Job Design: The Job Characteristics Model was interesting. The dimensions are as follow,

Skill variety, having enough activities in a job “so the worker can use a number of different skills and talent” (Robbins & Judge, 2011, "Motivation by Job Design: The Job Characteristics Model")... Task identity, how much of the “job requires completion of a whole and identifiable piece of work” (Robbins & Judge, 2011, "Motivation by Job Design: The Job Characteristics Model") meaning that if your job requires doing one or two activities it may score low on the model and may not become experienced, meaningfulness at work. They also my score low on internal work motivation. Task significance is another element in job structure was jobs should be designed to have an impact on employee’s lives or work with other people. Autonomy is an important connection also to job structure because an employee which has no freedom to be independent and discrete in scheduling the work and carry it out will score low on the JCM. The one most important element in job design is feedback, it not only lower absenteeism and turnover but the psychological states of mind of the employee and employer scores high on the “knowledge of the actual results of the work activities” (Robbins & Judge, 2011, "Motivation by Job Design: The Job Characteristics Model").

Scoring high on the five dimensions is critical to the psychological states, resulting in experienced meaningfulness of the work and personal and workout comes are high also such as “high internal work motivation, quality work performance, satisfaction with the work, and low absenteeism and turnover” (Robbins & Judge, 2011, "Motivation by Job Design: The Job Characteristics Model"). Depending on the feedback, employee's growth may need strengthening.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2011). Motivation: From Concepts to Applications (14th ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Job Design and Motivation

    ...There have been sufficient changes regarding job design over the past decades, including the rising popularity of new practices such as employee involvement (Maxwell, Richard & Sandra 2008). With new induction of theories, an analysis to illustrate the similarities and differences was made between the content and process theories; chosen theorie...

    Read More
  • Job design, motivation and job aspects

    ...Job design is a work arrangement or overcoming job dissatisfaction and employee alienation arising from repetitive and mechanistic tasks. Through job design organizations try to raise productivity levels by offering non-monetary rewards such as greater satisfaction from a sense of personal achievement in meeting the increased challenges and resp...

    Read More
  • Job Design

    ...Introduction What is job design? Job design means to decide the contents of a job. It fixes the duties and responsibilities of the job, the methods of doing the job and the relationships between the job holder (manager) and his superiors, subordinates and colleagues. According to business job design is a work arrangement (or rea...

    Read More
  • Relational Job Design and the Motivation

    ...Academy of Management Review 2007, Vol. 32, No. 2, 393–417. Copyright of the Academy of Management, all rights reserved. Contents may not be copied, emailed, posted to a listserv, or otherwise transmitted without the copyright holder’s express written permission. Users may print, download, or email articles for individual use only. REL...

    Read More
  • Job Design and Job Analysis

    ...Job design determines the way work is organized and performed. Job design typically refers to the way that a set of tasks, or an entire position, is organized. The aim of job design is to improve job satisfaction, to improve quality and to reduce employee problems (e.g., grievances, absenteeism, turnover etc).Good design incorporates the relatio...

    Read More
  • Job Design

    ...JOB DESIGN Job design also gives information about the qualifications required for doing the job and the reward (financial and non-financial benefits) for doing the job. Job design is mostly done for managers' jobs. While designing the job, the needs of the organisation and the needs of the individual manager must be balanced. Needs of the orga...

    Read More
  • Job Design

    ...1.0 Introduction Job design is broadly defined as level and breadth of job content, over-time variability in task assignment, specific mix of assigned tasks, use of teams, and the level of autonomy granted to individual workers or teams (Baron and David, 2000: p 334). Today¡¯s business environment, correct job design can help a company to b...

    Read More
  • Job Design

    ...Chapter 4 Essay 2 Job design is the analyzing of jobs to make them more efficient, improve the companies’ performance, and create job satisfaction. One of the four elements of job designs is to make sure the job aligns with the objectives of the company. Another element is making the equipment easier and safer for employees to use. They...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.