REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
DIVISION OF DAVAO DEL SUR
STA. CRUZ NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
STA. CRUZ DAVAO DEL SUR
MORINDA CITRIFOLIA AS MOSQUITO REPELLENT
HERNICA JANE E MAGBANUA
MR. RONALD DIAZ
With the rising number of mosquito borne illnesses spreading in the world, there are limited medications for the diseases brought by the mosquitoes. Despite the advent of medical and technological breakthroughs, mosquito population remains uncontrolled, especially in tropical countries like the Philippines. People cannot afford the great demand in the medicines whenever there are infected person caused by mosquitoes, and expenses in the hospitals.
The world faces a big problem from the mosquito. It is one of the deadliest insects, known to man. With the rising reported cases all over the world, mosquitoes, without a doubt, are a global problem.
Mosquito bite not only will result to allergic reaction, skin irritation, redness and itching, they can also bring about dangerous diseases. Mosquito disease contributes a great crisis on health and even in the economy. Mosquitoes are horrific pests that transmit hazardous viruses and bacteria, in which can cause disease like West Nile virus disease, malaria, and dengue fever. The viruses can cause illness and even death. (Anonymous, 2013)
Eastern Enquire Encephalitis (EEE) is very rare but a serious disease brought by mosquitoes. Mosquitoes that are infected with the virus of EEE may affect the health of people and may infect all living things, horses, reptiles and amphibians. In the US, there are about 10 to 20 EEE human cases reported. These cases were reported on 2011 and occurred in Oswego and Onondaga countries. All the ten cases died. The greatest risk of developing of such severe disease is those over 50 years old and younger than 15 years old. The said disease is highest risk from late of July to September. (EEE, 2013)
The most popular disease brought by mosquitoes is dengue viruses occur in most tropical areas in the world. One thing everyone should understand is that these diseases are caused irresponsible activities in the society. Portuguese archipelago of Madeira reported 2,164 cases of dengue on February 2013.
The Public Health Directorate of Angola announced 6 cases of dengue on April 1, 2013 and a total of 517 suspected dengue cases in may 31. (Public Health Department, 2013)
In the Philippine, Metro Manila have been already recorded over 1500 dengue cases since January 2013. Even more worrisome is that there is no cure. There is no specific treatment or vaccine poor dengue fever. Treatment is only supportive care, but prevention is possible by preventing mosquito bites. (Public Health Department, 2013)
Not only dengue, but malaria, Japanese lymphatic, filariasis, kala-aza and chikungunya are transmitted by mosquitoes. With the slackness shown by the government in implementing routine mosquito control measures, the mosquito repellent industry has grown in to gigantic proportions. The market size of mosquito repellent is expected to grow exponentially in the coming years. But these repellents are not totally safe. Mosquito repellent creams cause severe allergic rashes in suspected individuals. ( Vignesh, 2012)
Thus, this study of morinda citrifolia fruit as mosquito repellent aims to provide community folks with free natural, effective and alternative to commercial mosquito repellent. This may help save hundreds of lives from various mosquito borne-diseases and Morinda citrifolia plant is abundant in the Philippines.
Review of Related Literature
This review of related of literature will give an advance review to all the concepts about the study, ‘morinda citrifolia as mosquito repellent. Thus, this study or this review will be able to determine the other applications, nature of morinda citrifolia, foreign or local studies,...
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