He arose as a noticeable national leader of the American civil rights movement in the stir of action. As the boycott spread, African- American leaders across Montgomery Alabama’s capital city began lending their support. Black ministers announced the boycott in church on Sunday, December 4. On the afternoon of December 5, black leaders met to form the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA). The group elected Martin Luther King Jr., 26 at the time, as its president and decided to carry on the boycott until the city met its demands.
In the beginning, the demands did not include changing the segregation laws but to gain courtesy, to have black drivers hired, and a first come, first seated policy where white enter in the front and fill the seats and African- Americans from the back. The city resisted meeting the MIA’s demands even though African- Americans made up 75 percent of the bus riders. Many of the blacks chose to walk to work and other destinations. Civil Rights leaders organized mass meetings to keep African- American citizens equipped around the