Monkey See Monkey Do: A review of McGregors X and Y Theory and how is effects other workers.

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Topics: Management
bstract This paper will review McGregor’s X and Y Theory. The Theory describes the two different types of workers there are. An X worker who is typically lazy and the Y worker who is typically a self motivated worker and does not need to be told what to do. The paper will also talk about the two different types of managers. An X manager is all about results and getting stuff done and making the most of the day, and a Y manager who is very personal and lackadaisical. Through the study of these two theories and a survey of 20 Graduate Level Students we will try and find that if a Theory X worker works with a Theory Y worker or a Theory X worker works with a theory Y manager (vise versa) will one of them have an effect on the other, or will things stay the same?

Introduction
God created everything naturally in this world to work. God asked Adam to mend his garden, asked Noah to build the ark; he created animals to be hunters and gatherers as there job to survive in this world. Thousands of years later it is still a very natural thing for people to work. Humans still naturally wake with the full intent to apply their life to something. It does not have to be the average monotonous daily, but work to humans is as natural as flying is to a bird. However, having the natural ability to work does not mean that there are not lazy or hard working people; there are two distinctive types of workers, an “X” worker and a “Y” worker. An “X” worker is typically a lazy worker, one who dislikes work and will do anything to avoid any obligations or duties. “X” workers also must be controlled, and given direction in order for them to achieve a performance goal for the day. A “Y” worker is typically self-directed, they learn to seek and accept responsibility, and have high potential for the work force; though both are still intended to work. There are also two different types of management styles. Style “X” and Style “Y”. Style “X” is an authoritarian



Cited: Cunningham , Robert, and . "DOUGLAS MCGREGOR – A LASTING IMPRESSION." Ivy Business Journal . Ivy Business Journal , September 2011. Web. 12 September 2013. . Hindle, Tim. "Theory X and Y." Ebscohost . Guide to Management Ideas & Gurus;, July 2008. Web. 12 September 2013. Larson , James. "The psychological contract of an organisation ." Business Destination . Business Destination , 12 May 2012 . Web. 7 Oct 2013. McGregor, Douglas. "Theory X and theory Y." Organization theory (1960): 358-374. Print. Morse , John, and Jay Lorsch. "Beyond Theory Y." Harvard Business Review. Harvard Business Review , 1970. Web. 12 September 2013. . Neuliep, James. "The Influence of Theory X and Y Management Style on the Perception of Ethical Behavior in Organizations.." Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 11.2 (1996): 301-311. EBSCOhost. Web. 12 September 2013. Travis , Patricia . The Human Side of Enterprise Douglas McGregor A Review Organizational Structures ELMP 7773 . 2006. Print.

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