Top-Rated Free Essay

module 4

Topics: Cancer / Pages: 19 (3128 words) / Published: Sep 19th, 2014
Question 1 1 out of 1 points Your doctor reports that your newborn infant has a condition called patent foramen ovale. What is most likely to happen now? Selected Answer:
Chances are good that no special treatment will be needed.

Question 2 1 out of 1 points A chromosome profile of 44XX indicates which of the following? Selected Answer: a normal female

Question 3 1 out of 1 points What happens during an asthma attack? Selected Answer:
Airways in the lungs tighten and restrict air flow.

Question 4 1 out of 1 points A chronic condition of low blood sugar that is not caused by diabetes is called Selected Answer: hypoglycemia. Question 5 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is NOT a serious medical problem associated with sickle-cell disease? Selected Answer: recurrent pneumonia

Question 6 1 out of 1 points Many inherited disorders are recessive, which means that the genes that cause them are Selected Answer: carried by both parents.

Question 7 1 out of 1 points A rare form of hypoglycemia is called ______________ hypoglycemia. Selected Answer: reactive Question 8 1 out of 1 points A recent scuba diving incident brought to your attention that you had an undiagnosed patent foramen ovale. Most interesting to you was the fact that Selected Answer: this condition could increase the risk of decompression illness.

Question 9 1 out of 1 points An abnormal number of chromosomes in a human is considered anything more or fewer than Selected Answer:
46.

Question 10 1 out of 1 points John is experiencing mild confusion, low energy level, and tremors. He has symptoms of Selected Answer: hypoglycemia. Question 11 0 out of 1 points Which of the following is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among American men? Selected Answer: lung cancer

Question 12 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for developing breast cancer? Selected Answer: women whose menstrual period began at a later age

Question 13 1 out of 1 points What percentage of lung cancer victims are smokers? Selected Answer:
85-90 percent

Question 14 1 out of 1 points The most important early detection measure for testicular cancer in men is Selected Answer: self-examination. Question 15 1 out of 1 points In the United States, the most commonly occurring malignant cancers are Selected Answer: carcinomas. Question 16 1 out of 1 points A prophylactic mastectomy is Selected Answer: removal of healthy breast tissue to avoid the risk of breast cancer.

Question 17 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is the MOST lethal form of cancer for women? Selected Answer: lung Question 18 1 out of 1 points Which type of skin cancer presents as a painless bump and is often mistaken for a cyst? Selected Answer:
Merkel cell carcinoma

Question 19 1 out of 1 points Pancreatic cancer is more common in Selected Answer:
African American men.

Question 20 1 out of 1 points Vaginal cancer is most likely to occur among Selected Answer: daughters of mothers who took the drug DES during pregnancy.

Question 21 1 out of 1 points Which of the following characterizes all strokes? Selected Answer:
They occur in the brain.

Question 22 1 out of 1 points Within the past five years, researchers have determined that a high level of which amino acid may be related to an increased risk of coronary heart disease? Selected Answer: homocysteine Question 23 1 out of 1 points In a blood pressure reading, the systolic pressure measures pressure in the Selected Answer: blood vessels when the heart contracts.

Question 24 1 out of 1 points The research suggests that moderate consumption of alcohol Selected Answer: appears to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.

Question 25 1 out of 1 points The bacteria responsible for rheumatic fever tend to attack the Selected Answer: heart valves.

Question 26 1 out of 1 points An angiogram is used to Selected Answer: identify coronary artery blockages.

Question 27 1 out of 1 points A heart attack occurs when Selected Answer: heart muscle dies for lack of oxygen.

Question 28 1 out of 1 points Aspirin's effect on heart attack risk has traditionally been linked to its ability to Selected Answer: reduce the blood's clotting ability.

Question 29 1 out of 1 points Of the following, which is a major risk factor in sudden cardiac death? Selected Answer: smoking Question 30 1 out of 1 points Of the following cardiovascular diseases, which causes the most deaths? Selected Answer: coronary heart disease

Question 31 1 out of 1 points In the vagina, toxic shock syndrome occurs when Selected Answer: certain staphylococcal bacteria invade the bloodstream through the vaginal wall.

Question 32 1 out of 1 points In the context of infectious diseases, what is a vector? Selected Answer: a living organism that serves as a mode of transmission for a pathogen

Question 33 1 out of 1 points Toxic shock syndrome is most strongly linked to the use of Selected Answer: super absorbent tampons.

Question 34 1 out of 1 points The major symptom of a pubic louse infestation is Selected Answer: intense itching in the affected area.

Question 35 1 out of 1 points Your sexually active friend Ward has begun to experience painful urination and a white discharge from his penis. His symptoms are consistent with an infection by Selected Answer: gonorrhea or chlamydia.

Question 36 1 out of 1 points Today, Suzanne began experiencing painful urination and the frequent, sudden need to urinate. She probably has Selected Answer: a urinary tract infection.

Question 37 1 out of 1 points The stage of infection from the time a pathogen enters your body until symptoms appear is known as the _______________ stage. Selected Answer: incubation Question 38 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is FALSE regarding chronic fatigue syndrome? It is an illness Selected Answer: most often seen in men in their thirties and forties.

Question 39 1 out of 1 points Natural immunity is acquired by Selected Answer: experiencing and recovering from a disease.

Question 40 1 out of 1 points Tuesday afternoon you began to feel sick. Wednesday you were sick in bed all day. Thursday you felt better. Your time in bed Wednesday probably marked the __________ stage of the infection. Selected Answer: clinical Question 1 1 out of 1 points The general term for the environment in which an infectious agent grows and thrives is its Selected Answer: reservoir. Question 2 0 out of 1 points Which of the following is the most effective way to avoid HIV infection? Selected Answer:
Practice safer sex.

Question 3 1 out of 1 points Many people are concerned that there is a relationship between the development of autism and which childhood immunization? Selected Answer:
MMRP

Question 4 1 out of 1 points The standard treatment for mononucleosis is Selected Answer: rest. Question 5 0 out of 1 points Which of the following, if contracted during pregnancy, can cause damage to the developing fetus? Selected Answer: polio Question 6 1 out of 1 points A potentially fatal illness that leads to the inflammation of the membranes that line the throat, swollen lymph nodes, and to heart and kidney failure is Selected Answer: diphtheria. Question 7 1 out of 1 points The mode of transmission for Lyme disease is Selected Answer: vector-based. Question 8 1 out of 1 points Hepatitis B and C are spread when the virus is introduced directly into Selected Answer: body fluids.

Question 9 1 out of 1 points Who of the following, when exposed to tuberculosis, is NOT likely to infect others? Selected Answer: a healthy individual

Question 10 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is the MOST common form of pneumonia? Selected Answer: bacterial Question 11 1 out of 1 points Small precancerous pouchings in the wall of the lower intestinal tract are called Selected Answer: polyps. Question 12 1 out of 1 points Uterine cancer is cancer of the Selected Answer: wall of the uterus.

Question 13 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among American men? Selected Answer: prostate cancer

Question 14 1 out of 1 points In the United States, the most commonly occurring malignant cancers are Selected Answer: carcinomas. Question 15 1 out of 1 points Hepatoma is cancer of the Selected Answer: liver. Question 16 0 out of 1 points When malignant melanoma is identified at an early stage, it is most commonly treated by Selected Answer: surgical removal and chemotherapy.

Question 17 1 out of 1 points Approximately how many people in the United States develop cancer each year? Selected Answer: over 1,300,000

Question 18 1 out of 1 points Pancreatic cancer is more common in Selected Answer:
African American men.

Question 19 1 out of 1 points Sheryl has many sexual partners but wants to avoid cervical cancer. Besides regular Pap tests, she could BEST lower her risk by which of the following? Selected Answer: using condoms

Question 20 1 out of 1 points Nina's doctor suggested that, instead of her annual X-ray mammogram, she will have an MRI exam. How should Nina respond? She Selected Answer: can be confident that her doctor is recommending a valuable, up-to-date procedure.

Question 21 0 out of 1 points Through a combination of weight loss, a low-fat diet, prescription drugs, and an exercise program, your mother has reduced her high blood pressure. When can she consider herself cured? Selected Answer: when she maintains a normal weight and a normal blood pressure for six months

Question 22 1 out of 1 points The term that describes any of several disorders of the heart's normal beating pattern is Selected Answer: arrhythmia. Question 23 1 out of 1 points The heartbeat is triggered by Selected Answer: signals from within the heart.

Question 24 1 out of 1 points The heart's electrical activity is measured by an instrument called an Selected Answer:
EKG.

Question 25 1 out of 1 points A procedure to open blocked arteries by squeezing a tiny "balloon" between plaque deposits is called Selected Answer: percutaneous coronary intervention.

Question 26 1 out of 1 points Your father, who began to feel ill yesterday, found when he woke up this morning that he could barely move his right leg or arm. Of the following, he is most likely suffering from Selected Answer: a stroke.

Question 27 1 out of 1 points Ellen is thirty-five, inactive, overweight, a smoker, and takes oral contraceptives. The best single thing she can do for her heart health is to Selected Answer: stop smoking.

Question 28 1 out of 1 points The bacteria responsible for rheumatic fever tend to attack the Selected Answer: heart valves.

Question 29 1 out of 1 points Which of the following begins as a streptococcal infection? Selected Answer: rheumatic heart disease

Question 30 1 out of 1 points The death of part of the heart muscle as a result of blockage in one or more of the coronary arteries is known as a Selected Answer: myocardial infarction.

Question 31 0 out of 1 points A precise diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease is during Selected Answer: an MRI or PET scan.

Question 32 1 out of 1 points What are the most significant risks of refusing to get medical treatment for a cleft palate? Selected Answer:
Speech and eating difficulties are likely.

Question 33 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is the BEST example of a congenital abnormality? Selected Answer: a cleft palate

Question 34 0 out of 1 points The pancreas and other structures that secrete substances through ducts are called ____ glands. Selected Answer: endocrine Question 35 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is TRUE of Parkinson's disease? Selected Answer:
There are several theories about its cause, but no general agreement.

Question 36 1 out of 1 points The cause of type 1 diabetes is the destruction of insulin-producing sites by Selected Answer: one's own immune system.

Question 37 1 out of 1 points Your aches and pains will be diagnosed as fibromyalgia if Selected Answer: they occur at certain specific locations.

Question 38 1 out of 1 points In addition to drug therapy, an important component of lupus treatments is Selected Answer: avoidance of exposure to sun, fatigue, or infectious disease.

Question 39 0 out of 1 points The damage caused by multiple sclerosis centers on the Selected Answer: acceleration of the physical process of aging.

Question 40 0 out of 1 points The major symptoms of cystic fibrosis include Selected Answer: progressive brain deterioration.

Question 1 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is FALSE regarding chronic fatigue syndrome? It is an illness Selected Answer: most often seen in men in their thirties and forties.

Question 2 1 out of 1 points Hepatitis B and C are spread when the virus is introduced directly into Selected Answer: body fluids.

Question 3 0 out of 1 points The transmission of bacterial meningitis is NOT caused by Selected Answer: kissing. Question 4 1 out of 1 points The standard treatment for mononucleosis is Selected Answer: rest. Question 5 1 out of 1 points In the context of infectious diseases, what is a vector? Selected Answer: a living organism that serves as a mode of transmission for a pathogen

Question 6 1 out of 1 points Fatigue that lasts for weeks and months in the absence of other symptoms is characteristic of Selected Answer: mononucleosis. Question 7 1 out of 1 points Human papillomavirus is responsible for Selected Answer: genital warts.

Question 8 1 out of 1 points Today, health professionals are attempting to raise the level of immunization to ______ percent of all children under the age of two. Selected Answer:
90

Question 9 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is the MOST common form of pneumonia? Selected Answer: bacterial Question 10 1 out of 1 points The general term for a disease-causing agent is Selected Answer: pathogen. Question 11 1 out of 1 points A painful condition caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries is called Selected Answer: angina pectoris.

Question 12 1 out of 1 points A new class of drugs to prevent the formation of blood clots is called Selected Answer: platelet inhibitors.

Question 13 1 out of 1 points A condition called an aneurysm occurs when a Selected Answer: weakened artery wall bulges out at the weak point.

Question 14 1 out of 1 points The heartbeat is triggered by Selected Answer: signals from within the heart.

Question 15 1 out of 1 points Of the following, which is a major risk factor in sudden cardiac death? Selected Answer: smoking Question 16 1 out of 1 points Hypertension is a(n) Selected Answer: consistently elevated blood pressure.

Question 17 1 out of 1 points According to a recent survey, what percentage of Americans is overweight? Selected Answer: a little over 65 percent

Question 18 1 out of 1 points Within the past five years, researchers have determined that a high level of which amino acid may be related to an increased risk of coronary heart disease? Selected Answer: homocysteine Question 19 1 out of 1 points High-density lipoproteins are called "good cholesterol" because they Selected Answer: help to remove cholesterol from the bloodstream.

Question 20 1 out of 1 points The research suggests that moderate consumption of alcohol Selected Answer: appears to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.

Question 21 1 out of 1 points Sickle-cell disease is most prominent in Selected Answer:
African Americans.

Question 22 1 out of 1 points One method for monitoring diabetes involves measuring the amount of glycated hemoglobin in the blood. A reading above 7 mg/dl indicates Selected Answer: glucose intolerance.

Question 23 1 out of 1 points One of the major warning signs of type 2 diabetes is Selected Answer: increased thirst.

Question 24 0 out of 1 points Which of the following is FALSE regarding treatment of multiple sclerosis? It is aimed at Selected Answer: extending the period of remission.

Question 25 1 out of 1 points In sickle-cell disease, the characteristic sickle-shaped cells are Selected Answer: elongated and unable to pass through the body's minute capillaries.

Question 26 0 out of 1 points A type of inflammatory bowel disease in which there is an erosive deterioration of the inner surface of the intestinal wall is ____________ disease. Selected Answer:
Conan's

Question 27 1 out of 1 points You are a carrier of the sickle-cell gene. How will this affect your health? Selected Answer:
It will have almost no effect on your health.

Question 28 1 out of 1 points An abnormal number of chromosomes in a human is considered anything more or fewer than Selected Answer:
46.

Question 29 1 out of 1 points The damage caused by multiple sclerosis centers on the Selected Answer: destruction of nerve tissues.

Question 30 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is NOT a means for people with type 1 diabetes to take their insulin? Selected Answer: dietary supplements

Question 31 1 out of 1 points One of the dangerous properties of cancer cells is that they Selected Answer: can live indefinitely.

Question 32 1 out of 1 points Hepatoma is cancer of the Selected Answer: liver. Question 33 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is largely responsible for skin cancer? Selected Answer: severe sunburning during childhood

Question 34 1 out of 1 points To help you to identify malignant melanoma, the American Cancer Society recommends that you use the mnemonic ABCD, which stands for Selected Answer:
Asymmetry, Border irregularity, Color change, Diameter >6mm.

Question 35 1 out of 1 points Treatment for testicular cancer most commonly includes Selected Answer: removal of the affected testicle.

Question 36 0 out of 1 points When melanoma is found at an early stage, the cure rate is _________ percent. Selected Answer:
50

Question 37 1 out of 1 points You can reduce your risk of developing melanoma by Selected Answer: protecting yourself from excessive exposure to the sun.

Question 38 1 out of 1 points The major cause of skin cancer is Selected Answer: chronic exposure to sunlight when young.

Question 39 1 out of 1 points Which drug therapy is highly effective for women whose type of breast cancer was stimulated by the presence of estrogen? Selected Answer: tamoxifen Question 40 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among American men? Selected Answer: prostate cancer

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