Q#1: Discuss the life and work style of Dr. Maria Montessori and why is she referred to as a lady much ahead of her time?
Dr. Maria Montessori:
Maria Tecla Artemesia Montessori (Italian pronunciation: [ma’ria montes’sɔri]; August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name and her writing on scientific pedagogy. Life and Works of Dr. Maria Montessori:-
1. Birth and family
3. Early Career and family.
4. Work with mentally disabled children
5. Further Studies.
6. Casa dei Bambini and the spread of Montessori ideas.
7. International recognition and growth of Montessori ideas and education. 8. Further development of Montessori education.
9. Lectures and boooks
10. Awards and recognition.
1. Birth and Family:-
Dr. Maria Montessori was born on 31st August 1870 to an educated middle-class family in Ancona, Italy. She was the only child of her parents. Her father’s name was Alessaendro Montessori and he was a conservative military man. On the other hand, her mother, Renidle Montessori was a liberal lady. And supported Maria’s educational pursuit. Her father’s frequent transfer gave Maria a chance to have education in big cities. 2. Education:-
The Dr. Maria Montessori’s family moved to Rome in 1875, and the following year theyoung Maria enrolled in the local state school on the Via di San Nicolo da Tolentino. As her education progressed, she began to break through the barriers which constrained women’s careers. From 1886 to 1890 she continued her studies at the Regio Instituto Tecnico Leonardo da Vinci, which she entered with the intention of becoming an engineer. This was unusual at the time as most girls who pursued secondary education studied the classics rather than going to technical school.
Maria Montessori later decided to change her career and switched to medicine. A woman studying medicine was unheard of in her time and thus she was first rejected by the board of education to study medicine but eventually triumphed. She became the first woman medical student in Italy. She was able to finish and pay for her studies by obtaining scholarships. Maria Montessori’s determination to become a doctor was proven on two occasions. One was that there was one lecture that most of her classmates did not attend due to the severe weather but her professor was deeply impressed with her and continued to give the lecture to just her. And another was the countless hours that she had to sacrifice to be able to dissect a body at night alone. During her time it was not allowed for a woman to dissect cadavers in the presence of men. As she was not doing what women were expected of her time, her father disapproved of her career choice. This though ended with a lecture Maria Montessori so eloquently delivered as a new graduate. His father attended it and was given multitudes of congratulatory remarks for having such a remarkable daughter. Maria Montessori became the first woman doctor in Italy in 1896. 3. Early career and family:- In 1896 Maria Montessori started her early career as a lady doctor and now this time she experienced about neediest and mentally retarded children and also she was the advocate of women rights in Berlin. On 31st March 1898, her only child – a son named Mario Montessori was born. Mario Montessori was the result of a love affair with Giuseppe Montesano, a fellow doctor who was co-director with her of the Orthophrenic School of Rome. If Montessori married, she would be expected to cease working professionally; instead of getting married, Montessori decided to continue her work and studies. Montessori wanted to keep the relationship with her child's father secret under the condition that neither of them would marry anyone else. When the father of her child fell in love and subsequently married,...
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