The Sun Temple, Modhera, at Modhera in Gujarat, is a temple dedicated to the Hindu Sun-God, Surya. It was built in 1026 AD by King Bhimdev of the Solanki dynasty. This temple depicts the essence of ancient times. The sculptures and architecture present in this temple are still magnificent after all these years. In the present times, prayers are not offered in this temple. This temple is now under the supervision of Archaeological Survey of India.
Other Sun Temples in India are as follows :
Konark in Orissa
Martand in Jammu and Kashmir near Almora in Uttarakhand
Dakshinaarka temple in Gaya, Bihar
Punark and Deo Barunark in Bihar
Bhramanya Dev Temple at Unao, Balaji in Madhya Pradesh
Sun Temple at Sri Surya Pahar in Assam
Suryanaar Temple at Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu
Surya Narayana Swamy temple at Arasavalli in Andhra Pradesh
Further, the Sun Temple of Multan, which is no more, is considered to be oldest Sun temple.
The Modhera sun temple is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati, 25 km from Mehsana and 102 km from Ahmedabad.
According to the Skanda Purana and Brahma Purana, the areas near Modhera were known during ancient days as Dharmaranya (literally meaning the forest of righteousness). According to these Puranas, Lord Rama, after defeating Ravana, asked sage Vasisthato show him a place of pilgrimage where he could go and purify himself from the sin of Brahma-hatya (the sin of killing a Brahmin, because Ravana was a Brahmin by birth). Sage Vasistha showed him Dharmaranya, which was near the modern town of Modhera. In the Dharmaranya, he settled at a village Modherak and performed a yagna there. Thereafter he established a village and named itSitapur. This village is about 15 km from Becharaji Modherak village and it subsequently came to be known as Modhera.
The Sun Temple was built by Rushabh Bhimdev I of Solanki Dynasty in AD 1026. This was the time when Somnath and the adjoining area was plundered by