The Development of Modernism
Modernism was a movement that was introduced to challenge the classic and traditional forms of art. Through a wide range of experimental and avant-garde trends people were able to create their own individual styles and pictures through their own techniques. It also gave people a freedom of expression. Modernism represented the feelings, emotion and change that were occurring during this time of industrial revolution and discovery. Through modernism, artists were able to paint what was happening at the time without the strict rules and eventually learnt to disregard the “right way” to paint at the time. Modernism was built up on the related movements being Romanticism, Realism, Neo-Classicism, Impressionism, and Post-impressionism, Symbolism, Fauvism, German expressionism and Cubism. Among this there was Futurism, Suprematism and Abstraction.
It is believed that Modernism began during the late 19th century and continued on through to the 20th century. Modernism, as said before, was influence through the events of the time such as Growing cities, population and globalisation
The French Revolution- Artists like Eugene Delacroix and Jacque-Louis David, both painting in the style of romanticism and neo-classism. The Industrial Revolution- The building of the Eiffel Tower had a great influence on artists and is said to have helped started the modernist movement This then lasted all the way up to WWI, which was then also documented by artist and, through modernism; they were able to portray their feelings towards WWI and these past events in their own way.
All of the movements were heavily influenced by The Industrial Revolution from 1750 to 1850. A great example of the use of industry in art was the Emile Levassor; Pioneering car inventor, racer, and victor of the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris 1895 monument. This monument was raised On November 26, 1907, square Parodi, boulevard de l'Amiral Buix in Paris XVI and reflected the great automobile feat of enduring 48 continuous hours of virtually nonstop driving by Emile Levassor. It is considered one of the greatest tributes ever erected to an automobile driver.
There are many great examples of artists that painted to this genre. Eugene Delacroix was famous for his painting during the French Revolution, in particular Liberty Leading the People (1834). Delacroix portrayed through his picture the emotions of the people of France felt during this great time of conflict and enlightenment, as well as integrating that same rigid and classic look that is Neo-classism, similarly to Jacque- Louis David’s’ painting Oath of Horatii. (1784) Other Romanticists at the time, also considered a realist, was the Spanish artist Goya, who painted the horrors that he saw in his day- Los Caprichos (1799-1800) and Caspar David Friedrich’s, who painted more about mans relationship with nature Cloister Cemetery in the Snow (1817-19). Friedrich said “A painter should not only paint what he sees before him, but what is inside him,” Realism
Realism was an attempt of combining Romanticism and Neo-classism, by portraying the “real”, what was happening as it was happening all in a single painting. Realism reached its peak of popularity during the 1850’s, when the first camera was made. The use of camera gave realists the ability to actually capture the moment as it happened. Realism’s main focus was to bring about awareness of the lower class, the working class. Paintings such as Courbet’s The Stonebreakers (1847) and Millet’s The Gleaners (1857), struck controversy among the higher class, afraid that pictures like these ones would influence society and disturb their already fragile position. Courbet’s artwork Burial at Ornans (1849-50), a painting of his grandfather’s funeral, bothered the academy of art and was considered by them incorrect, and though it was allowed into the gallery in 1850 it was removed in 1855 due to the controversy. Edouard Manet aided the...
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