Dependency Theory and Colonial Heritage. Many have tried to draw upon the legacy of the colonial system to explain the reasons for underdevelopment in many areas of the world. Most areas that suffer from poverty today are former colonies the developed nations, for the most part, are former metropoles. The colonizers exploited their underlings in colonies, turning them into suppliers of cheap raw materials and restricting the infrastructure construction, leaving former colonies with only basic facilities. In many cases, when the colonizers departed, the nations were left with artificial boundaries that separated them from each other without regard for their historical development. This fuelled subsequent separatism and military conflicts, hampering economic progress. Thus, if one looks at straight-line boundaries in Africa which we are now learning in DS 202, it becomes obvious that those were artificially created. The colonizers, in particular the British Empire, were suppressing the industrial development in their colonies because they viewed them as sources of cheap imports and at the same time large markets for their industrial goods. An example of north-eastern Brazil that often surfaces in literature on underdevelopment, (Taylor 2001) claims that north eastern Brazil in the 19th century would have appeared to be an ideal place for a textile industry with its high quality cotton and existing demand for sugar bags cloth and slave clothing. However, to develop the textile industry, it would take years during which the industry should have been shielded from foreign competition with import tariffs and quotas. This was surely not something Britain would allow in its colony. As a result, the fledgling Brazilian textile enterprises proved unable to withstand the competition with Britain's textile industry. Britain, like almost any metropole, was interested in selling to the colony, not developing industry inside it. As of 1822, when Brazil received independence,
‘Reflexive modernisation’, a term coined by Beck in his 1980’s work on risk society, is a concept which simply and broadly put, describes the condition of late-modernity (Alexander, 1996, p.g.133). The work of renowned sociologists, Giddens and Beck, has revitalised the discipline of Sociology through the examination of the current condition of society and its interplay with modernisation. Both sociologists have developed the core aspects of the theories of reflexive modernisation by placing more….
FOLK ART, HERITAGE AND TRADITIONAL PROFESSIONS
7. Pottery Faces Extinction
From the very beginning of our Banglee culture, pottery has represented our identity and lifestyle. The artisans' works include making clay-pots, earthen ware, toys of clay and different idols of gods and goddesses have been the tradition of our culture. But it is now regrettable that in recent times, especially in the last decade potters have been in distress. Because of these unavoidable factors like clay, lack of capital….
Modernisation refers to a model of a progressive transition from a 'pre-modern' or 'traditional' to a 'modern' society. Modernization theory is used to explain the process of modernization that a nation goes through as it transitions from a traditional society to a modern one.
The theory looks at the internal factors of a country while assuming that, with assistance, "traditional" countries can be brought to development in the same manner more developed countries have. Modernisation theory also….
During the Meiji Restoration, rapid modernisation took place. Japan’s relatively small size, homogeneous population and centralised government allowed it to modernise quickly. By the late 1800s it had become the strongest of the Asian countries. This had a large impact upon Japanese society and its position in the Asian region. Japan managed to adopt modern ways whilst also being able to keep its unique culture and traditions. Modernisation in religion, education, the military, economics, and politics….
MODERNISATION AND EMOTIONAL MATURITY
In modern society, education alone can provide the most dependable and the most effective apparatus for accelerating growth and development in all spheres of human austerity. Now we live in the technological era. The technology of 21st Century has revolutionised and enhanced our way of life. The public expects technology to have a similar revolutionary effect on education. Energy technologies and resulting globalisation also provide unlimited possibilities….
"We are 100 years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this lag in ten years. Either we do it, or they crush us!" Josef Stalin 1931, this quote sums up Stalin’s desire to modernize the Soviet Union. Stalin attempt to modernize the Soviet Union through a series of five year plans had various outcomes on the people, economy and politics in the country. The results of Stalin’s policies where mixed economically they where great, but politically and socially they had major flaws.
People buy goods and services in a place called market. However, when the people need to trade in stocks, shares, debentures etc. there is a specific place where one needs to go. One cannot deal with these items in a normal market place. Thus a place or a platform where the trading of these shares and stocks takes place is known as the STOCK MARKET. The price of these shares and stocks is not considered by monopoly; rather it is the demand and supply forces of the market that determines the prices….
Do you agree with the modernisation theorists’ assumption that development involves a process of modernisation?
Modernisation theory is an understanding and explanation of the process of transformation from the traditional or so called “underdeveloped” societies to modern societies. From reading the theorists work surrounding the topic of modernisation it is believed that modernisation is the process change towards those types of social, economic and political systems that have been developed in….
About 50 years ago, the freshly decolonised, 'underdeveloped' nations began a frenetic process of catching up with the West. 'Development' meant economic growth and industrialisation. But this 'modernisation theory' is increasingly being challenged today
About 50 years ago, many countries around the world—freshly decolonised and newly named underdeveloped or developing, embarked on varying projects of national development. Some began to develop indigenous industries for export, others stepped….
The aim of this essay is to compare and contrast the modernization and dependency theories. It then attempts to determine which theory explains what is going wrong in developing countries. The essay begins by defining theory. Secondly, it defines the modernization and dependency theories and their examples that attempt to offer an explanation on what is going wrong in developing countries. A conclusion is finally drawn to summarize the comparisons and contrast between the two theories.