Modern Science Creating Super Athlete

Topics: Anabolic steroid, Growth hormone, Blood Pages: 7 (2774 words) Published: December 30, 2013
As the world becomes more advanced through trials and experiments, super athletes are created by modern science. Performance enhancing drugs gives the user an increase in strength that benefits athletes in a sport. Humans consists a brain where one can only use a small percentage of the brain, a Neurotopia machine is a piece of technology that develops the brain even further than its original state. Now in many sports, equipment is now manufactured to be efficient to the athlete in a game. Lifestyle habits such as certain intake before or after a game affect the mechanics performed by the athlete. Treatment and recovery techniques are used to aid the athlete’s recovery at a faster rate. Cyrotherapy is a technique used where the athlete recovers at a quicker rate through today’s technology. The super athlete rises from intense research and will nearly reach perfection in the mere future. Performance enhancing drugs provide subtle effects that alter the athlete’s performance in a certain sport. Anabolic steroid increases the male athlete’s muscles by 38%. Anabolic steroids are synthetic analogs of testosterone that allows the body to utilize protein and train with greater intensity without losing muscle mass. It has also acts as an anti-inflammatory that both protect the body from injury and quick recovery after an injury has occurred. Only these effects are achieved with consistent training and these benefits achieved may not have a dramatic increase. By simply taking steroids does not simply increase one’s muscle but gives the athlete the ability to perform intense workouts without becoming over trained. Steroids come with side effect that includes short-term increase in their sex drive, followed by suppression of natural testosterone output and shrinkage of the testes. For women masculinization is a side effect that includes deepening of the voice, menstrual irregularities, development of facial hair and clitoral enlargement. In both genders there is an increase in acne, aggression and irritability that causes changes in blood-pressure and blood chemistry. Anabolic steroids are commonly taken in two ways, orally or by injection. Oral steroids are found to have the greatest number of side effects, where the drug passes through the digestive system and the liver in order to get into the bloodstream. This causes aggressive action by the liver and puts a great deal of strain that can cause liver damage. Steroids taken by injection can be water-based or oil-based. Oil-based steroids have a longer half-life than water-based and oral. Steroid injections are not designed to pass through the digestive system thus having a much less stressful effect on the liver. Anabolic steroids have great dangers but the greatest dangers of steroid use in the Olympics are getting caught on a drug test (Eveleth). Erythropoietin or EPO are found to increase an athlete’s stamina by 34%. Erythropoietin is a hormone produced by the kidney that promotes the formation of red blood cells by the bone marrow. Kidney cells that make erythropoietin are specialized so that they are sensitive to low oxygen levels in the blood that travels through the kidney. Only about a 10% of erythropoietin are made and released when the oxygen level is too low in the kidney. EPO stimulates the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells causing a resultant rise in red blood cells that increases the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. The erythropoietin primary functions are to promote the development of red blood cells and initiate the synthesis of hemoglobin. The hormone can also be manufactured and injected into the skin or directly in the blood stream. An increase in oxygen absorption, reduction in fatigue and an improve endurance are perceived benefits. EPO has also increased the metabolism and the healing process of muscles due to the extra erythrocytes. For EPO injection users, it has many side effects. EPO injections thicken the blood that increases the strain...
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