With the expansion of technology, communication has become easier around the world. We can Skype with our relatives or friends abroad, internet calling is almost instantaneous, and we have the means to our money from almost anywhere in the world. With this increase ease of availability, crime coordination and implementation has also become easier. Logistics for criminal enterprises has streamlined. Our modern conveniences have made the ability to enact crimes remotely greater than it has ever been before. Every day there is an increase in [globalization], meaning that interactions and integrations amongst people, corporations and political systems from different countries are made simpler. This globalization has led to an ever number of cases involving [international crime] and [transnational crime]. (Chambliss & Hass, 2012) International crime, being offenses that are extreme infractions of human interests or crimes against the peace and security of humankind that are governed by international law. Transnational crimes, would be illegal activities that cross national borders. It’s a more simplistic definition of crime than international crime. These categories of offenses have posed a threat to our nation and the international security and stability of countries around the globe. The smuggling of contraband (drugs, weapons, etc.), the illegal traffic of humans (indentured servants, sex workers, etc.), the host of fraudulent schemes (phishing scams via email/mail), and the intricate development of organized crime networks have changed the purview and meaning of criminal justice enforcement. In 1995, President Bill Clinton issued a presidential decision directive, ordering agencies of the executive branch of government to prioritize resources devoted to combating the threat of global crime, improve internal coordination, collaborate with other governments to develop a global response, and aggressively and creatively use all legal means available to combat...
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