MODERN HISTORY ASSIGNMENT

Topics: Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, Perestroika Pages: 9 (2171 words) Published: June 17, 2015
Stalin and Gorbachev

Shaunee Girven


MR MURPHY

MODERN HISTORY

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 Introduction………………………………………………………………………… page 3 2.0 Comparative Uses of Power ………………….……………………………………. page 4

2.1 Struggle for Power………………………………………………………….. page 3

2.2 Uses of Power………………………………………………………………. page 4

2.2.1 Stalin’s Uses of Power…………………………………………….. page 4

2.2.2 Gorbachev’s Uses of Power………………………………………. page 4

2.3 End of the USSR..………………………………………………………….. page 5

2.4 Foreign Perspectives…………………………………………………….. page 5 - 6

2.4.1 View of Stalin…………………………………………………….. page 5

2.4.2 View of Gorbachev……………………………………………….. page 6

2.1.1 Stalin’s Rise to Power…………………………………………….. page 3

2.3.1 Gorbachev’s Influence……………………………………………. page 5

4.0 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………….. page 6 5.0 Appendices..………………………………………………………………………… page 7 6.0 Bibliography..……………………………………………………………………. page 8 - 9

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MODERN HISTORY

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1.0 INTRODUCTION
Joseph Stalin and Mikhail Gorbachev were both significant leaders in the history of the Soviet Union (USSR). Although notable in their own right both led with completely different styles, policies and objectives. Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from 1929 to 1953 reshaping Russia from a peasant society into an industrial and military superpower. He collectivised and industrialised Russia, had enemies sent to labour camps and ended the new economic policy. In 1990 Mikhail Gorbachev was elected the first president of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev confronted Russia’s problems peacefully but the Russians did not support this new way of leading. Gorbachev introduced new reforms such as Perestroika (reconstructing), Glasnost (openness) and a democratic society. Stalin used his power to create fear in his people while Gorbachev used his power to support the country.

2.1 STRUGGLE FOR POWER

2.1.1 STALINS RISE TO POWER

Stalin’s rise to power was impacted significantly by the death of Vladimir Lenin who was the current leader of the Soviet Union at the time. Stalin, Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev were all the next potential leaders of the Soviet Union after Lenin’s death. “Trotsky was away in the Caucasus that month, and Stalin telegraphed him and said that the funeral would be held immediately, so there was no point in undertaking the long trip back to Moscow. Thus Stalin forced Trotsky to be absent for the funeral--he knew how to create and use symbols to his advantage”. Spark Notes states that Stalin would do anything to be in power. Stalin knew that this tactic would make the people have less respect for Trotsky, giving him a better chance in leadership. Once Stalin was in power he exiled Trotsky leaving himself with less opposition. “Stalin played one side against the other to take power. First, he allied with Zinoviev and Kamenev to cover up Lenin’s Will and to get Trotsky dismissed. Then, he advocated ‘Socialism in one country’ and allied with the Rightists to get Zinoviev and Kamenev dismissed”. John Clare’s statement corroborates with Spark Notes as they both discuss the Stalin’s plan to get rid of his opposition.

MR MURPHY

MODERN HISTORY

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2.2 USES OF POWER

2.2.1 STALIN’S USES OF POWER

Stalin misused his power by putting anyone who did not support the Communist Party and his opposition in labor camps or executing them to reduce the size of the Soviet Union. “Stalin wanted to reduce the size and the influence of the Communist Party so he could implement his Five-Year plans without challenge”. The author of South African History Online is stating that Stalin put his values and beliefs before the Soviets and is as well implying that Stalin killed his own people to reduce resistance of his Five-Year plans. The source also indicates that Stalin as a leader was ruthless and led based on dictatorship. Stalin helped the country at the...


Bibliography: farms with collective farms would increase the food supply (Appendix 1). Over 91% of
agricultural land was “collectivised” (Davies, 1930)
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