Measles is a virus that is easily spread through contaminated droplets via coughing and sneezing. Symptoms of measles may include: cough, runny nose, rash, fever, light sensitivity, muscle pain and eye irritation (Kan & Zie, 2012, “measles”, (eds.), 2012).
Mumps is a virus that is spread from one person to another through respiratory droplets, an example of this is the spray from a sneeze, another way to spread this virus is by coming in direct contact with items that have been contaminated with infected saliva. Signs to watch for include: face pain, fever, headache, swollen glands and loss of appetite (Kan & Zie, (eds.), 2012, “mumps” 2013).
Rubella also known as German measles is a virus that is spread through close contact or through the air. Symptoms from this virus may include: headache, fever, rash, runny nose, eye inflammation, malaise or a general discomfort, muscle pain, joint pain and on a rare occasion, bruising (Kan, Zie, Bla, Slo & Wan, “Rubella”, (eds.), 2013). Unlike some other immunizations, one immunization includes protection against the measles, mumps and rubella, this immunization is called the MMR. The first dose should be started at between 12-15 months of age, a second dose should be given around the time a child starts kindergarten, which should be between the ages of 4-6. In addition to children, any adult born after 1956 should receive this immunization (Vor, 2012, “MMR Vaccine”, (eds.), 2012). Possible side effects from the MMR immunization may include: fever, rash, seizure, joint pain or stiffness, low platelet count or bleeding and rarely swollen glands.
Talk to your doctor if you have ever had a severe allergic reaction to a previous MMR immunization or neomycin. Women who are pregnant or plan to become pregnant within the next 1-3 months should not get the vaccine.
Kaneshiro, N., M.D., & Zieve, D.,...
References: Kaneshiro, N., M.D., & Zieve, D., M.D. (Eds.). (2012, August 1). Measles. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002536/
Kaneshiro, N., M.D., & Zieve, D., M.D. (Eds.). (2013, March 23). MMR. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002026.htm
Kaneshiro, N., M.D., Zieve, D., M.D., Black, B., Slon, S., & Wang, N. (Eds.). (2013, February 21). Rubella. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002541/
MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine [Leaflet]. (n.d.).
Vorvick, L. J., M.D. (Ed.). (2012, May 16). Mumps. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002524/
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