AN ASSESSMENT OF WATER RESOURCES ACCESS FOR DOMESTIC USE, (A CASE STUDY OF AMASSOMA COMMUNITY) 1.0 INTRODUCTION
Water availability/access both in quality & quantity is pivotal in both economic & social engineering in our society if given the needed importance knowing well that the functioning of its economy & wellbeing rely heavily on adequate per capita access to safe water resources. Access to fresh water is important in facilitating sanitation which helps in preventing epidemic. In most rural settings in Africa, inadequate access or ability to afford water resources has adversely affected & caused serious environmental/human problems. In Nigeria the government was forced to create the Ministry of Water Resources in the 1970’s after 1960’s drought incident. The World Bank while commenting on the world water challenge stated that access to water supply services & sanitation is a major factor in reducing child mortality, (Ohwo, 2014). It revealed that of about 1.7 million deaths that occur every year worldwide, 90% of which are children are attributed to unsafe water sources. Access & availability of water per capita in most Nigerian rural settings is inadequate despite its importance society. Such inadequacies can lead to serious economic disruptions & suffering, (Ohwo, 2014). Bayelsa State is bounded with water resources, government at both the state & Local Government (grass root) level have not been able to successfully harness these resources to ensure sustainable access of water access to its citizens in improved, adequate & affordable manner. This is attributed to corruption & unwillingness on the part of government, hence making meeting up with requirements difficult in the public sector, hence forcing many households, mostly the poor to end up buying water at far exorbitant price from vendors, & at longer distances most at times, this is evidenced from studies carried out in other areas. 2.0 PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION
The access to safe water supply cannot be over emphasized. However per capita access to safe water is low in most rural settings in Nigeria. This study is designed to assess the access to water supply per household per capita in Amassoma Community, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. 2.1 AIM
To assess water resources access for domestic use in Amassoma Community, Bayelsa State. 2.2 OBJECTIVES
To determine the level of government involvement in the provision of water resources in Amassoma. To determine the current state of water supply & access issues in Amassoma. 2.3 THE STUDY AREA
Amassoma is a community in Southern Ijaw Local Government Area of Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Amassoma is located at Latitude 4.97oN & Longitude 6.11oE of the Equator with an elevation of about 79metres above sea level. 2.3.2 Climate & Vegetation
The climate of Amassoma is the equatorial type. It is characterized by wet & dry seasons, the wet season runs through mid-match to October with a short dry season in august (august break) & the dry season is from November to mid-match. The rainfall regime is that of double maxima with break in august. The annual rainfall is usually between 2500mm-3000mm. The mean monthly temperature is about 30-32oC while the relative humidity is 80% & above. The vegetation is the tropical rainforest type predominated by fresh water swamps. 2.3.3 Topography & Drainage
The topography of the study area is generally a low lying plane. The drainage is enhanced by the Forcados River that empties into the Atlantic Ocean. The area comprises sedimentary rocks. 2.3.4 Culture, People & Economy
The study area is traditionally the home to the Izon people; the official language is the Ijo language. the economy of the people are mainly primary e.g farming, fishing & trading & a few doing public service jobs. 3.0 MATERIALS & METHOD OF STUDY
The study adopted sample survey technique. The sample survey involves the...
References: Jessica D.E (2012), Assessment of Borehole Water Quality in Wilberforce Island. A research work presented at the Department of Geography & Environmental Management, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State.
Ohwo. O. & Abel .A. (2014), Access to Portable Water Supply in Nigerian Cities Evidence from Yenagoa metropolis. 2014 online; science & education publishing Co. Ltd. http://pubss.sciepub.com/ajwr/2/2/1/World Bank, ‘’World Water Challenge’’, the Punch, Friday, March 23rd, 2007.
World Health Organization & United Nations Children Emergency Fund (WHO/UNICEF), ‘’Water & Sanitation Report’’, the Guardian, Monday, December 4th, 2006.
World Water Council, ‘’Water Supply & Sanitation’’, 2005 0nline; www.worldwatercouncil.org, accessed November 13, 2007.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document