Development in children
In this section of your induction pack, is a brief explanation of how we can monitor children’s and young people’s development, why sometimes children and young people do not follow the expected developmental plan, an explanation of how an example disability can impact and affect development, and finally some examples of different types of intervention, that could promote positive outcomes for the children and young people, where development is not following the expected pattern. Remember these are just a few of many examples. Assessment methods that we may use to monitor a child/young person’s development: At many different points of a child’s or young person’s life they will be monitored or assessed by many different services, for example the health service will check a new born and schools will arrange different tests. In a child’s early development monitoring and assessment is crucial as it has been seen that early intervention can make a significant difference to a child’s overall outcomes; E.G: child who cannot hear very well will find it harder to learn language unless support is given early on.
There are many different ways in which a child or young person’s development is considered, when looking at these it is important to note that the most effective way to check a child’s developmental progress is to use a range of sources and different methods. This will provide a fuller picture of the child or young person. One example of a method we would use to assess children and young people would be observations. Observation means watching, so we would watch the children and observe them. Observations can be conducted in many different ways; some require the observer not making any contact with the children, others they would act as a participant. In early year’s settings such as our nursery, observations play a big part in our assessment of the children’s development, and we link these closely to planning for groups of children. For example, if a child needs to be monitored to see how his or her development in numbers is, we would plan an activity which would involve them and numbers. Another example of a method we would use to assess children and young people’s development is information from parents, carers and others. In the early years sector monitoring and assessing children should be carried out by a wide range of people who are involved with the child, because they will see the child or children in a variety of different situations. It’s also useful to involve children where appropriate as they may have a different perspective. Sometimes a parent may be able to notice a developmental difference in their child earlier than a professional because they may spend longer with the child or they are more attuned to their child. Why a child’s development may not follow the expected pattern. For most children, the influences that are involved in child’s development are the reason behind them not following the expected developmental pattern for their age. Occasionally there may be some children that despite investigation no specific reason could be found as to why they were not following the expected pattern of their development for their age. Disability
A disability such as loss of hearing may prevent a child from developing in one or more areas. For example, they may find it harder to hold conversations with others and it may take them longer than other children to be able to hold conversations. Early support for some disabilities may minimise the effect of the disability by for example: organising specific equipment for the child. Physical reasons
Some children’s developmental pattern is affected by their genetic code; this may mean they are slower to develop in many areas for no specific reasons. Children’s development can also be slowed down by difficulties in physical growth. For example, if your growth is delayed, and the child is a lot shorter, with shorter arms and legs, they...
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