Miss

Topics: Developmental psychology, Child development, Jean Piaget Pages: 7 (1668 words) Published: August 25, 2013
Assignment 2

I: Outline the main characteristics and explain the differences within the following theories:

> Environmentalist
> Constructivist
> Maturationist

ENVIRONMENTALIST:

Environmentalist, the characteristic of this and the meaning is how the environment can have an impact on how children can develop or even adults. There are so many things that can impact on how children develop in their life's. Whether people live in poverty or if they are in a well financial home, this can have an impact on children's development for a numerous of reasons.

Direct quote:

“low income parents are often over whelmed by diminished self-esteem, depression and a sense of powerlessness and inability to cope, these feelings can get passed on to children”

“in a study of emotional problems, of children with single Mom (Keegan-Eamon and zuehl (2001) ) found stress of poverty increased and children them selves are susceptible to depression” WRITTEN BY: ERIC JENSON

This evidence shows prove that being in a low income family or living in poverty as some might like to say, has a very big impact on children's life if a parent has low self-esteem no drive in themselves then it is not showing young children how to grow into young positive, confident and thriving adults, so therefore just copy what they know and this can cause a cycle. Quality of food we eat and give our children is another environmental fact that can can help with our child's development, Junk food for example can make children obese, this can cause all sorts of problems in health, children who are obese will have less energy, this will cause children to not want to socialise, and this can lead to other problems such as low self-esteem,depression and anger. If you feed children more healthy food they are going to have so much more energy it will make them eager to go out and socialise and most of all help them to learn,

Direct quote:

“improve your child's behaviour and learning by improving their diet. Eating adequate protein and getting other nutrients that support optimal brain function” WRITTEN BY: POLIQUIN EDITORIAL STAFF 09/11/2012

Home life and school is another most important environmental fact that has a big impact on a child's development. Some children can not have the love and attention they would like and need at home this can cause children to be rebel's as some people would say, this could be caused by not knowing how to show emotion, this could be because of them not being shown emotion by family

Page 1 /5 Lisa Henderson MD12077 at home so in a sense it's attention seeking this is due to a child doesn't feel that they are getting any attention of their family/parents and the only way to do that is to play up even though it's not necessarily the attention they would like from their family, its there only way of getting it. School has another impact on children's development, if a child is asked to do something at school and feels they are incapable but yet the teacher still insists that the child carries out the activity the child can then start to feel frustrated,angry and then leaves the child feeling inadequate and leaves them with a sense of failure and embarrassment. Bullying is another major problem that can happen inside or outside of school and has a major impact on children's behaviour and development this can cause low self-esteem, and stress which can then cause lack of sleep due to worry which then stops the main from functioning to its full a capability, stopping the child to fully express them selves. To help children who are in this situation they need support and need confidence and trust in somebody if a child doesn't have these they will end up bottling it up and can lead to something more serious such as suicide.

CONSTRUCTIVIST:

Constructivist, the characteristic of this and the meaning is...

Bibliography: 2006
Stanisauskiere Jurate (July 4/2011)
Maturationist (2005)
Theoretical perspectives of child development
www.youngchildministries.com
Vaudrin Elizabeth (24 January 2013)
Mclead Saul (2009)
www.simplephyscology.org
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