Minorities Have to Pay the Price Whenever Instability Is Caused Due to Communal Politics

Topics: Bharatiya Janata Party, Hindutva, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh Pages: 8 (3175 words) Published: February 3, 2013
Minorities have to pay the price whenever instability is caused due to communal politics On December 6th 1992, about a million and a half men, ‘Kar Sevaks’, all members of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), the Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh (RSS), the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Bajrang Dal, attacked the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh and reduced the historic mosque to rubble. The demolition was carried out under the supervision of the BJP government. In 1990, BJP leader, L. K. Advani started his infamous Rath Yatra, a nationwide tour making the people across the country aware of the BJP’s struggle to ‘purify’ Ayodhya. During this countrywide tour various highly communal slogans floated around publically. These included Hindi, Hindu, Hindustan; garv se kaho hum Hindu hain; Ramlala hum aayenge, mandir wahin banaenge; tel laga lo dabur ka, naam mita do Babar ka. Advani was even arrested for hate speech on the 23rd of October 1990. Ayodhya is believed to be the birthplace of the Hindu God, Shri Ram. The BJP played up the point of the Babri Masjid being the actual birth place of Lord Ram. They claimed that the Mughal emperor Babur had demolished a Ram Mandir to build the mosque in the early 16th century. However, no proof regarding this has been found till date. After demolishing the structure, one of immense historic value, on the 6th of December 1992, the Sangh Parivar was given a free hand to place idols of Lord Ram in the now demolished mosque to mark the imaginary birthplace of a fictitious hero. This incident led to communal riots across the nation, resulting in the loss of lives of thousands of people. Hindus and Muslims waged war at each other. These riots included the two phased riots that took place in Mumbai. Even the Mumbai bomb blasts of 1993 can be indirectly related to the demolition of the Masjid. Apart from the riots that took place immediately across the country, even the Godhra, Gujarat riots of 2002 can be related to this incident. The incident that took place of the 6th of December was condemned by many, who recognized it to be a political game. However, for innumerable Hindus, this was a moment of immense pride. It worked in favor of the BJP and all their allies. The people of India voted the BJP in power in the centre in the 1996 general elections. Many recalled this day as ‘Shaurya diwas’ or ‘day of bravery’. Twenty years after the demolition, on the 6th of December 2012, #ShauryaDiwas was the global top trend on Twitter. Millions of ‘Internet Hindus’ (as termed by Saragika Ghose) recalled the ‘bravery’ of all those who gave up their lives for Hinduism. An article in The Economic & Political Weekly dated Sept 8 2012 ‘Revisiting Communalism and Fundamentalism in India’ by Surya Prakash Upadhyay and Rowena Robinson. said “Communalism has been commonly understood in the literature as conflicts over secular issues between religious communities, particularly between Hindus and Muslims. Deliberations around communalism have, to a large extent, linked it with the colonial period in India and with particular religious communities, such that the concept has acquired a definite and definitive association. Communities have been drawing contentious boundaries differentiating others, adding sources of “marginalization”, selectively constructing histories, recalling “humiliations” and “defeats”, remembering “violent times” and unleashing all kinds of violence. The origins and causes of communalism have been explored at several levels in the literature. They are on Hindu communalism, Muslim communalism and Hindu fundamentalism and, as said already, the connection between communalism and communities is not addressed properly. Third, features of religious communalism – a presumed homogeneous community identity and community consciousness – are also exhibited by sects, cults, castes and linguistic and regional communities. Such communities and their politics are not seen as part of the restricted idea...
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