In 2010 and 2011 Pakistan was struck with two massive natural disasters. In August 2010 Pakistan devastating ‘mega’ floods affected 18 million people, including 9 million children. Heavy monsoonal rains once more struck the southern provinces of Sindh and Balochistan in September 2011, affecting approximately 5 million people.
Child friendly or protective spaces have been used by Child protection agencies and sub cluster members in both emergency responses as a quick response to children’s rights to protection, psychosocial wellbeing and non-formal learning. The massive scale of the disasters, combined with the nature of the displacement into small, scattered IDP settlements rather than large-scale camps, created significant challenges to reaching the most vulnerable children and families. Social and cultural restrictions on the movement and public participation of adolescent girls and women were an additional challenge.
Despite the challenges, sub cluster members were able to mobilise large scale coverage and target particularly vulnerable children through the introduction of a number of innovative approaches.
“Mobile spaces” – In addition to the more traditional fixed CFS, the use of vans and buses, often painted with communication messages, carrying facilitators and recreation and learning items was commonly used to make regular, periodic visits to certain locations
Integration with women friendly spaces
Integration with other humanitarian services
Inclusive CFS for children with disability
In 2010, a total of more than 1 million children accessed xxx CFS and xxx women accessed xxx Women Friendly Spaces (which in most cases operated in separate locations). In 2011, a total of 236 static and 411 mobile spaces were established. In total 244,243 children accessed the spaces (48% of which were girls) and 79,598 women accessed the protective spaces (mostly co-located with children’s spaces).
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A number of global working group and agency specific manuals and guidelines on child friendly spaces have been developed and are available to the Child Protection sub cluster, including through www.pakresponse.org (Child Protection Sub Cluster link). The Sub Cluster also developed a set of Minimum Standards for CFS in September 2010.
The purpose of these minimum standards is to encourage consistency and ensure quality in relation to the establishment and running of all protective spaces for children and women throughout Pakistan, which in Pakistan may take the name of Child Friendly Spaces, Women Friendly Spaces, protective spaces, “PLaCES” and names in local languages. These standards should be read in conjunction with Guidelines for Child Friendly Spaces in Emergencies for Field Testing, and A Practical Guide to developing Child Friendly Spaces (UNICEF) for broader principles and practical guidance.
CFSs can be set up in camps (formal/informal), open spaces (embankments, roads etc.), school buildings, host communities or communities affected by the disaster. A CFS can be set up together with, or attached to, other services such as health centres, therapeutic feeding centres, temporary learning centres, women’s community centres, etc. ‘Co-locating’ services may provide better coverage of the target group, streamlined services, more access to vulnerable groups, and more effective pooling of limited funds.
Consultation and agreement with community regarding the location and design of the CFS through a participative mapping exercise with a group of boys and girls of different ages, as well as community leaders and care-givers. •
Safety and security of area (eg. removal of hazards, access to safe water, non-military environment, safe access road, etc) •
Access to outdoor area for recreational activities
Area for private discussions between children and...
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