Lindbergh Baby Case
Jessica L. Miller
The justice system's major components are: police, courts, and corrections. Police are public officials whose purpose is to maintain order and enforce the criminal law. Police officers work in the community to prevent and control crime within their jurisdiction. This includes, but is not limited to: speeding, illegal use of drugs, violence, and disruptive behavior. The police cooperate with prosecutors in criminal investigations and help to provide evidence to obtain convictions in the courts. In the Lindbergh case the police gathered evidence and investigated the disappearance and murder of Charles Augustus Lindbergh, Jr. Charles Lindbergh Jr. was a twenty month old child who was kidnapped from his family’s home at night, while his family was in the home. The police found evidence that a ladder had been used in the kidnapping of the child, who was located in his nursery on the second floor of the home. Mud and footprints were found on the nursery floor beneath the window sill, but they were not defined, and subsequently the investigators could not measure them. There were no legible fingerprints found at the scene because there was either too many of the household staff’s or they were smudged. Other evidence in the crime was presented to the police via the kidnapper. The kidnapper had left a ransom note on the window sill of the nursery, and it was found by the child’s father, Charles Augustus Lindbergh, Sr. Other ransom notes were also sent. The second, was sent to Colonel Henry Breckenridge, the family’s attorney, and it stated that the kidnapper required more money and requested someone to act as intermediary. The third note was sent to Dr. John F. Condon, who was a school principal, and had agreed to be intermediary. The fifth ransom note was delivered by taxi and given to the driver by a “stranger” the letter accompanied an anonymous phone call. Dr. Condon was instructed to find the sixth ransom note in a subway station beneath a stone. Other notes, evidence, and ransoms were sent to Dr. Condon, totaling to a staggering thirteen notes; some of which the Lindbergh’s provided the ransom money in gold certificates. All of the ransom notes were written in German penmanship and had countless grammar errors. Suspects in the case included: Charles and Anne Lindbergh, Elisabeth Morrow, Betty Gow, Oliver and Elsie Whately, and Bruno Richard Hauptmann. Charles Sr. was a suspect because of his suspicious actions during the night Charles Jr. was taken as well as throughout the investigation. He was in the study directly below his son’s nursery when he was taken and only heard a sound to which he suspected was something dropping in the kitchen. He was also the person who found the first ransom letter, after the police, Anne, and Betty Gow had searched the room for evidence. Anne was a suspect because she was also in the home at the time of the kidnapping. Resting in her room, due to a cold, she did not hear any suspicious noises. Anne’s sister, Elisabeth Morrow, was suspected of the crime as well. She was initially romantically involved with Charles Lindbergh, Sr. until he announced his engagement to Anne. Over time she became both physically and emotionally ill. Fits of violence made her staff believe that she had killed her own dog, and she was not allowed to be alone with Charles Lindbergh, Jr. for fear that she would harm him in one of her fits. Oliver and Elsie Whately were suspects because they were in the home at the time that the crime took place. Betty Gow, the child’s nurse was also a suspect in the crime. Betty had put Charles Jr. to bed and she was also the first to discover his disappearance. Bruno Richard Hauptmann was a German immigrant and carpenter. He was suspected after an attendant at a gas station recognized that his description fit that of the man who had passed the other found gold certificates....
References: The Lindbergh Kidnapping. (2010, July 28). Retrieved January 14, 2015, from http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/history/famous-cases/the-lindbergh-kidnapping
What Happened to the Lindbergh Baby. (n.d.). Retrieved January 14, 2015, from http://extmedia.kaplan.edu/pubSafe/Media/CJ101/CJ101_1403B/Unit1/index.html
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