Names Roll #
1072 Rida Azam 1074 Muhammad Shahzeb 1076 Hassan Iqbal 1078 Nida Nadir 1080 Muzamil Liaqat 1082 Saddam Hussain 1084
1086 Samman Bashir 1088 Khawar Aslam 1092 Mehtab Zafar 1094 Shah Ziab 1096 Ansa Shakeel
Submitted To :
Sir Naseer Taib Program :
B.com (Honors) Department Of :
GOVERNMENT COLLEGE UNIVERSITY LAHORE
State is a body of institutions, who are working for the welfare of of Country.
By “Cooley Cants”
A body politic or society of men united together for the purpose of promoting their mutual safety and advantage, by the joint efforts of their combined strength.
Types Of State
In Democratic State people representatives are rule the country. In which all eligible citizens participate equally—either directly or indirectly through elected representatives—in the proposal, development, and creation of laws. It encompasses social, religious, cultural, ethnic and racial equality, justice, and liberty.
In Traditional State authority of an organization or a ruling regime is largely tied to tradition or custom. Because the traditional state is still needs to establish institutions.
In Authoritarian State the ruler or ruling party (often in a single-party state) or other authority. The transition from an authoritarian system to a more democratic form of government is referred to as democratization.
The Erosion of Civilian Rule
Pakistan, like India, inherited British military traditions. These recognize the separate responsibilities of civilian and military leaders, emphasized overall civilian control and underscored the military detachment from active politics. The British Indian Government was generally successful in keeping the military out of active politics and in post-independence India and Pakistan; these traditions formed an integral part of the military ethos. However, within a decade, the two countries had developed different civil-military relation. In the case of India, the political institutions and processes established under the 1950 constitution proved durable and cultivated a reasonably widespread legitimacy for themselves which helped to reinforce the tradition of civilian supremacy over the military. There were few occasions for the military to engage in overt political activity. In Pakistan, however the principle of civilian supremacy underwent a complete transformation because of the general decay and degeneration of political institutions and processes. The military emerged as important...
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