Migration in Delhi & NCR

Topics: Uttar Pradesh, Human migration, Agra Pages: 28 (7631 words) Published: September 11, 2014
Final Report
STUDY ON COUNTER MAGNET AREAS TO DELHI & NCR

2 MIGRATION STUDY OF DELHI & NCR
2.1

POPULATION GROWTH IN NCR AND ITS SUB-REGIONS
The population of NCR has increased from 111 lakh in 1961 to 371 lakh in 2001. The decadal growth has continuously increased from 32.43 percent in 1961-71 to 37.69 percent in 1981-91 and slightly reduced to 35.40 percent during last decade i.e. 1991-2001. The share of NCTDelhi sub-region in total population of NCR has steadily increased from 23.95 percent in 1961 to 37.33 percent in 2001. However the share of Haryana, Rajasthan & UP sub-regions is continuously reducing from 26.06%, 9.91% & 40.08% in 1961 to 23.42%, 8.07% & 31.19% respectively in 2001. Refer Table 2.1 & 2.2

Decades
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001

Table 2.1:
NCR Population
in Lakh
111
147
199
274
371

Sub-Regions
NCT-Delhi
Haryana
Rajasthan
Uttar Pradesh
Total NCR
2.2

Population growth in NCR
Decadal Increase in Population
Population in lakh
(Decadal)
36
52
75
97

Growth

rate

32.43
35.37
37.69
35.40

Table 2.2: Sub-region wise growth of population (1961-2001)
Sub-region wise growth of population (1961-2001)
1961 %
1971 %
1981 %
1991 %
26.59 23.95 40.66 27.64 62.20
31.26
94.20 34.43
28.93 26.06 37.98 25.82 49.39
24.82
66.44 24.28
11.00
9.91 14.04
9.55 17.71
8.90
22.97
8.39
44.50 40.08 54.40 36.99 69.69
35.02
90.02 32.90
111
100
147
100
199
100
274
100

2001 %
138.50 37.33
86.87 23.42
29.93
8.07
115.70 31.19
371
100

NCT Delhi – In-migrants, out migrants & net migrants
The population of Delhi has increased from 40.66 lakh in 1971 to 138.5 lakh in 2001. The inmigration during same period has increased from 8.76 lakh in 1971 to 22.22 lakh in 2001. The share of out-migration from Delhi has slightly increased from 2.42 lakh in 1961-71 to 2.82 lakh during 1981-1991 to 4.58 lakh in 1991-2001. The net migrants (In-migrants – Outmigrants) to NCTD have steadily increased from 6.34 lakh during 1961-71 to 17.64 lakh during 1991-2001. Refer table 2.3

Table 2.3: Population Growth and Migration to NCTD (1961-2001) Year
1971
1981
1991
Population (lakhs)
40.66
62.2
94.2
Decadal Growth Rate (%)
Increase in Population (lakhs)
Component of Migrants (lakhs)
a) In-migrants
URBAN & REGIONAL PLANNING

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2001
138.5

52.91
14.07

53
21.54

51.45
32

47.03
44.3

8.76

12.3

15.87

22.22*
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Final Report
STUDY ON COUNTER MAGNET AREAS TO DELHI & NCR

Year
b) Out-migrants

1971
2.42

1981
2.78

1991
2.82

2001
4.58**

c) Net-migrants
6.34
9.52
13.05
17.64
Source: Census of India1961, 1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001
* As per census 2001, 22.22 lakh in-migrants to Delhi include 21.73 lakh migrants from rest of the country and 0.49 lakh migrants from outside India
** 4.58 lakh out-migrants from Delhi include 2.36 lakh migrants to rest of the country and 2.22 lakh migrants to rest of the world outside India
2.3

Component of migrants and natural increase – NCT Delhi
The migration to NCTD has been further analysed in terms of growth rate of migrants and its relation with natural increase in population. The net decadal addition in population of NCTDelhi has increased from 14.07 lakh during 1961-71 to 44.30 lakh during 1991-2001; while net migration increased from 6.34 lakh to 17.64 lakh during the same period. There was a net addition of 21.54 lakh to the population of NCT-Delhi, of which 9.52 lakh population increased due to net migration during 1971-81. The additional population has increased from 32 lakh in 1981-1991 to 44.30 lakh in 1991-2001 while net migration increased from 13.05 lakh to 17.64 lakh during the same period. In absolute terms, the net migration to Delhi is continuously increasing.

Fig. 2.1 Migration pattern to NCT-Delhi

25

No of Migrants in lakh

The decadal growth rate of
20
migrants has reduced...
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