Migration

Topics: Human migration, 20th century, Europe Pages: 7 (1061 words) Published: August 28, 2013
 
Definitions of Migration
|
|
|
|
|
|
There are two basic kinds of migration—internal and external. Internal migration occurs when someone moves from one section of a country to another, usually for economic reasons. The most notable example of internal migration has been the movement from rural regions to cities. This kind of migration has occurred since the earliest recorded periods of civilization. |

|
|
Reasons of migration |
|
|
If people are satisfied where they are, they will not migrate. For migration to take place, there must be some factor that pushes people out or that pulls them to a new environment. Throughout history, people have left their native lands for a variety of reasons: religious or racial persecution, lack of political freedom, economic deprivation. Obstacles to Migration

|
|
|
|
|
|
Becoming an emigrant is no easy matter. For an individual it means leaving home, family, friends, and a familiar social environment to take one's chances in a new place. For groups of people the situation is much the same; they must uproot themselves from one society to move into another. They probably will not know the language, the customs, or the laws.  Forced Migrations

|
|
|
|
|
|

At an African slave market black slavers have brought their victims to European purchasers | | Not everyone who emigrates does so as a matter of choice. Sometimes external circumstances over which one has no control force a move. Natural disasters such as famine or earthquake may impel people to relocate, but the major causes of forced migration have been war, the slave trade, and deportation.

HISTORY OF MIGRATION

|
|
|
|
|
|
Throughout Asia, Europe, and Africa there were many mass migrations in the prehistoric era. These movements, however, are undocumented. What is known of them comes from the findings of archaeologists and the legends of ancient societies.

 Ancient Migrations
|
|
|
|
|
|
One of the most ancient known migrations was that of the people who came to the Americas sometime between 30,000 and 3000 BC. These ancestors of Native Americans probably went from Asia to Alaska over a land bridge that crossed the Bering Strait in prehistoric times. North and South America were then presumably empty of human habitation.  The First Great Migrations

|
|
|
|
|
|
Two of the largest movements of people in history were the migrations of Germanic tribes that overran the Roman Empire in the 4th and 5th centuries AD and the Atlantic Migration to the Americas from the early 1800s to the early decades of the 20th century. The Mediterranean world of the Roman Empire was bordered on the north by regions populated with numerous Germanic tribes.  Migrations in the Middle Ages

|
|
|
|
|
|
For a thousand years, from the end of the Roman Empire in the West until the middle of the 15th century, the history of Europe, Asia, and North Africa consists of an almost unbroken series of invasions, wars, and conquests. Arabs, Mongols, Franks, Vikings, Christian Crusaders, and Turks all crossed vast areas searching for new lands to conquer

The Age of Discovery

|
|
|
|
|
|
In the 15th century all of North Africa and the lands in the eastern Mediterranean region were controlled by the Ottoman Turks, who were followers of Islam. If the merchants of Europe wanted to trade with southern or eastern Asia, their cargoes had to pass through these regions under any terms the Ottoman Turks cared to impose.  The Great Migration

|
|
|
|
|
|
Statistics on migration are unreliable, but it has been estimated that from the early 16th century to the mid-20th century more than 60 million people left Europe to seek new homes overseas. Many of them went to Australia, South Africa, India, and other colonial plantations, but most went to the Americas. This migration...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Migration, Immigration, and Emigration, and Their Effects on Religion, Women, and Minorities in the Developing World Essay
  • migration Research Paper
  • International Migration Essay
  • Migration in India Essay
  • Human Migration Essay
  • International Migration Essay
  • youth migration Essay
  • International Migration Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free