The socio- political and cultural factors at both a national and global level have a big impact on the Midwife woman partnership. The Oxford Dictionary (2012) defines culture as: the ideas, customs, and social behaviour of a particular people or society, and Midwifery as: a nurse (typically a woman) who is trained to assist women in childbirth. There are many factors that the midwife must take into consideration when implementing a partnership with an expectant mother from a different culture, than that of her own. The Cultural beliefs people hold shape their perception of health and illness and the way in which they utilise services in order to rectify health conditions. Some of these beliefs may mean knowing when and what ritual a family will need to perform during or after the birth and any issues that may need to be taken into account for the relationship of the midwife woman partnership to succeed.
There are many socio-political factors that impact Immigrants, Aboriginals and Muslims accessing health care services, in particular Midwifery. One of the biggest of the many barriers that these groups can face is communication as English is not their first language. This impedes their ability to access health care services and their willingness to utilise and adopt preventative care measures. Many cultures may not be inclined to utilise health care services due to negative past experiences when accessing healthcare because of discrimination, bias or a lack of understanding they have encountered in the past. (Reconcilliation 2008). Indigenous Australians have many health issues such as a reduced life expectancy, an elevated risk of developing chronic conditions as well as other health aliments. They are at risk of suffering with poor nutrition, excessive alcohol consumption, tobacco and drug use. They are also more susceptible to complications throughout their pregnancy, during and after the birth than Non-Indigenous Australians. While Aboriginal health has...
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