3.Write a chronology of The American Revolution from 1763-1781.
On February 10th, 1763 the Signing of the Treaty of Paris ended the Seven Year’s War, also known as the French and Indian War in North America. France ceded all mainland North American territories, except New Orleans, in order to retain her Caribbean sugar islands. Britain gained all territory east of the Mississippi River. Spain kept territory west of the Mississippi, but exchanged East and West Florida for Cuba. On April 5th, 1764 the Sugar Act was the first attempt to finance the defense of the colonies by the British Government. In order to deter smuggling and to encourage the production of British rum, taxes on molasses were dropped; a levy was placed on foreign Madeira wine and colonial exports of iron, lumber and other goods had to pass first through Britain and British customs. The Act established a Vice-Admiralty Court in Halifax, Nova Scotia to hear smuggling cases without jury and with the presumption of guilt. These measures led to protest. On March 22nd, 1765, the Stamp Act was to seek to defray some of the costs of garrisoning the colonies, Parliament required all legal documents, newspapers and pamphlets required to use watermarked, or ‘stamped’ paper on which levy was placed. On May 30th, 1765, the Virginian Resolution was when the Virginian assembly refused to comply with the Stamp Act. But in June 29th, 1767, the Declaratory Act was when Parliament finalizes the repeal of the Stamp Act, but declares that it has the right to tax colonies. On March 5th, 1770, the Boston Massacre was angered by the presence of troops and Britain’s colonial policy, a crowd began harassing a group of soldiers guarding the customs house; a soldier was knocked down by a snowball and discharged his musket, sparking a volley into the crowd which kills five civilians. On May 10th, 1773, the Tea Act was an effort to support the ailing East India Company, Parliament exempted its tea from Import duties and allowed the Company to sell its tea directly to the colonies. Americans resented what they saw as an indirect tax subsiding a British company. Then on December 16th, 1773 people were angered by the Tea Act so that is how the Boston Tea Party came about. American patriots were disguised as Mohawk Indians dump East India Company tea into the Boston harbor. From May to June in 1774, the Intolerable Acts were four measures which stripped Massachusetts of self-government and judicial independence following the Boston Tea Party. The colonies responded with a general boycott of British goods. April 19th, 1775, Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first engagements of the Revolutionary War between British troops and the Minutemen, who had been warned of the attack by Paul Revere. Also in 1775 on June 17th, the Battle of Bunker Hill was the first major battle of the War of Independence. Sir William Howe dislodged William Prescott’s forces overlooking Boston at a cost of 1054 British casualties to the Americans’ 367. On December 26th, 1776 the Battle of Trenton provided a boast to American Morale. October 13th, 1777, British surrendered 5,700 troops at Saratoga. February 6th, 1778, France recognizes US independence. August 16th, 1780, US defeat at battle of Camden. March 1st, 1781 Ratification of the articles of Confederation. September 5th, 1781, Battle of the Capes which was when British denied reinforcements or evacuation. October 18th, 1781, Surender of British forces under Cornwallis at Yorktown.
4. Write an outline of the constitution.
The US Constitution consists of seven articles and 27 amendments. The original seven articles took effect in 1789. The 27 amendments were added to the Constitution from 1791 to 1992. The first ten amendments were enacted in 1791; they are often called "the bill of rights." It is very likely that more amendments will be added. The seven articles included in the...
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