Cinema and society are interrelated; this affiliation extends further than the boundaries of entertainment and diversion. One of the most vibrant, admired and influential film industries in the world is the Hindi Film Industry, popularly recognised as Bollywood. It is known for its diversity and uniqueness, the journey of Hindi cinema from the early 19th century to the present times is a fascinating story of Indian culture, history and tradition. Regardless of its diverse ethos, popular fan following and a well established film industry; Hindi films have often been accused of being unrealistic and escapist. In the following thesis, I have proposed that recent Hindi films have undergone a transition and have started to challenge stereotypes and conventions. With the help of relevant case studies I have tried to authenticate the assumption that social, political and economical changes have facilitated the rise of a new kind of cinema that represents Hindi cinema as serious cinema. Through this study I have also suggested that recent films are beginning to discuss various processes that occur at a more local and sub-national level with bigger processes that occur at national and transnational levels. Evidently the magical and colourful world of Bollywood still has a lot to offer. INTRODUCTION
‘‘The cinema is widely considered a microcosm of the social, political, economic, and cultural life of a nation. It is the contested site where meanings are negotiated, traditions made and remade, identities affirmed or rejected.’’ Sumita S. Chakravarty
Indian cinema has been one of the world’s largest film industries, entertaining its wide audience with over 800 films each year. In the path of its century long history it has transformed the myths, traditions and the legends of India into the modernity of the motion pictures. Indian cinema is diverse in its production bases, regionalism and language. It has always been a popular, commercial cinema of immense cultural...
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