Sunday, October 29, 2012 â€ƒ Middle childhood and adolescence is a crucial period of development within everyoneâ€™s lifetime, but for the child and parent it can become a time of uncertainty. In this era of a child life, their brains are developed enough to for logic, so they attempt to understand the world around them with answers from their perspective. All children require parents who would do what is necessary to care about them. Parents should act in the best interest of the childâ€™s development, and they should have to make an evaluation of the parenting methods that work well with the personality of the child. Within these years the childâ€™s temperament also begins to have an effect in their lives. â€œA childâ€™s temperament matters. If they do not consider the personality of the child, authoritarian parents might terrorize children who are innately fearful or anxious, or permissive parents might watch their impulsive children flail out of control.â€(Berger, 2010). Environmental circumstances also have a role in childrenâ€™s development for example society and their family. There will be many changes that take place for middle childhood and adolescent children.
Puberty is known as â€œchanges in the hypothalamic-pituitary gonadal axis, development of secondary sexual characteristics, increase in growth velocity, change in body composition, and attainment of fertility.â€ (Biro, Frank M, MD; Dorn, Lorah D, PhD, 2006) During the Middle Childhood for many people puberty is a time in their life that will not be forgotten. The age starts at 8 to12 and last for around four years which is around school periods. â€œThe average 7- to 11-year-old gains about 2 inches (5 centimeters) and 5 pounds (about 2.2 kilometers) per year.â€(Berger, 2010) Those healthy and productive years allow measured growth in; mastery of new athletic skills, comprehensible concepts, vocabulary, and intellectual ability. Inside the years
References: Frank, M. B., & Lorah, D. D. (2006). Puberty and adolescent sexuality. Psychiatric Annals, 36(10), 685-690. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/217054295?accountid=35812 Berger, K. S. (2010). Invitation to the life span. [University of Phoenix custom Edition e text].New York, NY: Worth Publishers. Retrieved from University of Phoenix