Renaissance and Baroque two Historical Periods in Art
The word Renaissance means rebirth, a rebirth that started in Italy and later spread throughout Europe that spanned from a period of 14th century through the 16th century. Some historians regard the Renaissance period as a bridge that provided cultural and intellect from the Middle Ages to the modern era. The Renaissance period brought the revival of classical art, architecture, literature, philosophy, and learning. But most of all the Renaissance will be known for the artistic treasures produced in painting, architecture, and sculptures. The period had works provided by Leonardo da Vinci whom painted the Mona Lisa, the Last Supper, Vitruvian Man, his self portrait. Leonardo da Vinci was known as the Renaissance man because he could do so many things well. He was a painter, architect, inventor, scientist, poet, musician, and teacher. Michelangelo is known for his works of the Statue of David (a sculpture), painting of the ceiling in the Sistine Chapel, and the painting of the Last Judgment. Raphael also a great Italian painter was known for the painting the School of Athens, Resurrection of Christ, and Young Woman with Unicorn. Along with all of the outstanding paintings, sculptures, and architecture of the Renaissance came the invention of the printing press in the year 1440 by inventor Johannes Gutenberg. The printing press changed the world to be able to distribute large quantities of reproductions of books, music, and other publications that before had to be hand written page by page. This invention is believed to be one of the most important inventions of the Renaissance and the world. The Bible was the first book to be mass produced, the Gutenberg Bible was also known as the 42 line Bible because of the number of lines on each page. The Gutenberg Bible was published in 1456 in Mainz, Germany. There were other inventions of the Renaissance that included the submarine developed by Leonardo da Vinci,...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document