Middle Ages Venn diagram and Essay
Prof. Janet Shepherd
May 1, 2015
Early Middle Ages (c. 500 CE to 1000 CE)
High Middle Ages (c. 1001 CE to 1300 CE)
Late Middle Ages (c. 1301 CE to 1500 CE)
Inventions of The Middle Ages
The Middle Ages is attributed to great human innovations and inspiration whereby most of the modern innovations originated during this historical period. Ranging from the time of the William the Conqueror invasion in 1066 to the commencement of the Tudor dynasty around 14th century which experienced a lot of wars that in turn led to the development in science and technology, medicine, weaponry among other inventions (Gies & Gies, 1995). Although The Middle Ages experienced constant warfare, it resulted to some changes in the approach in which wars were conducted and the tools used during the wars by the troops. There was outbreak of pestilence and plagues facilitated the invention of medicine. It was due to this turbulent that led to generation of ideas and implementation which later paved way to great innovations and inventions. Types of inventions which occurred during the Middle Ages included weaponry and warfare inventions, nautical, farming, timekeeping and general inventions. Several inventions drastically changed the approach in which the wars were fought during The Middle Ages. For instance, the discovery of gunpowder contributed to the inventions of cannons, that led to change in techniques and tactics in which the battles were fought at the sea and on the land (Krebs, 2004). Also during the crusades, siege weapons were invented which were later brought back to Europe and re-modified so as to meet the new challenges encountered in medieval warfare. Other warfare inventions include: the flail, crossbow, lance, chainmail and armor. The field of nautical was one of the areas which experienced the greatest developments at the time. This consists of navigation, steering and power of boats which facilitated exploration and warfare developments. Some significant nautical inventions include: Oars, the compass, rudder, cross-staffs, traverse boards and astrolabes (Findon & Groves, 2005). . There were also inventions in the field of farming which led to increase food production to serve the growing populations during The Middle Ages. These inventions facilitated time saving, production of more food and better quality crops production. These changes are attributed to modern method used in agriculture and food production which are applied today. Among the inventions include: the windmills, horseshoes and horse collar, wheelbarrow and moldboard plough (Gies & Gies, 1995). Timekeeping concept was greatly improved during The Middle Ages. One of the most significant contributions in timekeeping was the hourglass invention to which was used in measuring time on the land as well as at sea. In addition to the hourglass, there was also the invention of the minute glass. Later during The Middle Ages, came about the discovery of the clock which facilitated a more efficient time keeping, routine and order (Findon & Groves, 2005). There were several general inventions which tremendously changed the society. One of these inventions was printing press which enabled the accessibility of written materials to everyone due to the dramatic increase in production. Also there was the eyeglass invention which is accounted to the techniques that are used in modern world in making spectacles. Another invention during The Middle Ages is the weighing scales which were used in trade and cooking. To what many consider as the most greatest contribution of The Middle Ages is the invention of the first parachute by Leonardo Da Vinci who was a talented genius the period (Krebs, 2004). He introduced the concept of flight and the physics behind flying objects which inspires most people to this day.
Gies, F., &...
References: Gies, F., & Gies, J. (1995). Cathedral, forge, and waterwheel: Technology and invention in the
Middle Ages. New York: Harperperennial.
Top of Form
Findon, J., & Groves, M. (2005). Science and technology in the Middle Ages. New York, NY
[etc.: Crabtree Publishing Company.Bottom of Form
Krebs, R. E. (2004). Groundbreaking scientific experiments, inventions, and discoveries of the
Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Westport: CT.
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