Historian Frantz Funck- Brentano used previously publishes texts to describe Europe in the Dark Ages the excerpt says that the Hungarains swarm over the Western provinces, sucked town and village and laid the waste on the fields. The conditions on Europe were horrible. This is because of all the terror the trade ceased and peasants abandoned the fields to avoid the violence of the anarchy. (Doc. 1). In an excerpt from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles it says that in 842, during the dark ages, there was a great slaughter in London, Quentavic and in Rochester. Because of this, men loaded their boats with their goods and returned to their own country. (Doc # 3).
During the Age of Feudalism, Vassals and Lords had feudal obligations to each other. Vassals owed loyalty, military service and ransom, if needed, to their lords. Lords who owned their land, or fiefs, and protection to their Vassals. ( Doc # 4). In an excerpt from the Homage Oath taken by John Toul it informs that Toul was making it knows that he was the liege if the count and countess of Champagne. Since he was the liege, he would aid the count of Champagne in his own person and he would send his knights to count and countess, who he owes service to for the fief that he holds of theirs. (Doc # 2).
Although the Golden Age really made improvement from the Dark ages. During a council of the church, they observe the True of God in 1083. It was said that from the first day of the Advent of our Lord through Epiphany and throughout the year on every Sunday, Friday and Saturday, and on the fast days of theh four seasons this decree of peace shall be preserve. The reason for this was so that no one would commit murder, arson, or even robbery. As Gray C. Boyce said we learn that an age once traditionally describes as “dark” had remarkable vitality and exuberance. Even at its worst it performed the function of guarding, frequently by accident and chance, the knowledge and treasures of what had come before, but even more it was creative and inventive, and transmitted to later ages great riches of its own. The author is trying to provide that even though it was called the dark, there was a gain of knowledge and creativity that spread after the dark times. (Doc # 6). In positive aspects of the Middle ages, the author shows that the Middle Ages are an improvement. This is because the author said medieval culture was imperfect, was restricted to a narrow circle of superior minds… measure it, however, by the memories and the achievements that it has bequeathed to the modern world, and it will be found unworthy to rank with those of earlier and later Golden Ages. The author describes this era shows how the Middle Ages are good and improved during the time period. (Doc #7)