Microteaching Techniques

Pages: 11 (2821 words) Published: August 5, 2013
MICRO TEACHING 
Introduction
            You know that the economic prosperity and good quality of any nation depends upon the development of human resources of that nation. The significant fact in the development of manpower resource refers to the competencies and the level on which these competencies are imparted. You also know that it largely depends on those who develop these competencies. Therefore, for this purpose we need highly competent teachers for imparting these competencies. It is essential that teachers imparting these competencies should have the capability to perform their task efficiently. For this, they need to acquire requisite competencies themselves.Here we will attempt to understand as to what competencies are essential for becoming better teacher and how these competencies can be imparted.

Teaching - Meaning

* Teaching is the stimulation, guidance, direction and encouragement of learning. * Teaching is the communication between two or more persons, who influence each other by their ideas and learn something in the process of interaction. * Teaching is to fill the minds of the learner by information and knowledge of facts for future use. * Teaching is the process in which learner, teacher and other variables are organized in a systematic way to attain some pre-determined goals. * Teaching is to cause the child to learn and acquire the desired knowledge, skills and also desired ways of living in the society. * Teaching is the stimulation, guidance, direction and encouragement of learning. * Teaching is to cause the child to learn and acquire the desired knowledge, skills and also desired ways of living in the society. Teaching : Definition

“Teaching is an intimate contact between a more mature personality and less mature one which is designed to further the education of the latter.” H.C.Morrison (1934)

"Teaching means many different things, that teaching act varies from person to person and from situation to situation. " (Bar, 1961)  

"The behaviour or activities of persons as they go about doing whatever is required of teachers, particularly those activities which are concerned with the guidance or direction of learning of others." (Ryan, 1965) "Teaching is the arrangement of contingencies of reinforcement under which students learn. They learn without teaching in their natural environment, but teachers arrange special contingencies which expedite learning and hastening the appearance of behaviour which would otherwise be acquired slowly or making scene of the appearance of behaviour which might otherwise never occur." (B.F. Skinner. 1968) "Teaching as an act of interpersonal influence aimed at changing the ways in which other persons can or will behave." (N.L. Gage, 1963)

What is a teaching skill ?
Definition of teaching skill might be one of the following : * A teaching skill is that behaviour of the teacher which facilitates pupils’ learning directly or indirectly. * A teaching skill includes all arts and behaviour of the teacher which maximizes pupils’ learning. *A teaching skill is that art of the teacher which makes communication between the teacher and pupils sufficiently.

Attempts have been made to list teaching skills. Allen and Ryan listed the following teaching skills at Stanford University in the U.S.A. 1. Stimulus Variation
2. Set induction
3. Closure
4. Teacher silence and non-verbal cues
5. Reinforcing pupil participation
6. Fluency in questioning
7. Probing questioning
8. Use of higher questions
9. Divergent questions
10. Recognizing and attending behaviour
11. Illustrating and use of examples
12. Lecturing
13. Planned repetition
14. Completeness of communication

B.K. Passi has given the following list of Teaching Skills in his book “Becoming Better Teacher; Micro-teaching Approach” : 1. Writing instructional objectives
2. Introducing a lesson
3. Fluency in questioning
4. Probing questioning
5. Explaining
6. Illustrating...
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