Microsoft Word

Topics: Microsoft Word, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Pages: 10 (3079 words) Published: November 5, 2013
Microsoft Word is a word processor developed by Microsoft. It was first released in 1983 under the name Multi-Tool Word for Xenix systems.[3][4][5] Subsequent versions were later written for several other platforms including IBM PCs running DOS (1983), the Apple Macintosh (1985), the AT&T Unix PC (1985), Atari ST (1988), SCO UNIX (1994), OS/2 (1992), and Windows (1989). Commercial versions of Word are licensed as a standalone product or as a component of Microsoft Office, Windows RT or the discontinued Microsoft Works Suite. Freeware editions of Word are Microsoft Word Viewer and Word Web App on SkyDrive, both of which have limited feature sets. Contents [hide]

1 History
1.1 Origins and growth: 1981 to 1995
1.2 Microsoft Word for Windows since 1995
1.3 Microsoft Word for Mac since 1995
2 File formats
2.1 File extension
2.2 Binary formats (Word 97–2003)
2.3 XML Document (Word 2003)
2.4 Cross-version compatibility
2.5 Third-party formats
2.6 Image formats
3 Features and flaws
3.1 WordArt
3.2 Macros
3.3 Layout issues
3.4 Bullets and numbering
3.5 AutoSummarize
4 Password protection
5 Reception
6 Versions
7 References
8 Further reading
9 External links

Main article: History of Microsoft Word
Origins and growth: 1981 to 1995[edit]
In 1981, Microsoft hired Charles Simonyi, the primary developer of Bravo, the first GUI word processor, which was developed at Xerox PARC.[6] Simonyi started work on a word processor called Multi-Tool Word and soon hired Richard Brodie, a former Xerox intern, who became the primary software engineer.[6][7][8] Microsoft announced Multi-Tool Word for Xenix[6] and MS-DOS in 1983.[9] Its name was soon simplified to Microsoft Word.[3] Free demonstration copies of the application were bundled with the November 1983 issue of PC World, making it the first to be distributed on-disk with a magazine.[3][10] That year Microsoft demonstrated Word running on Windows.[11] Unlike most MS-DOS programs at the time, Microsoft Word was designed to be used with a mouse.[9] Advertisements depicted the Microsoft Mouse, and described Word as a WYSIWYG, windowed word processor with the ability to Undo and display bold, italic, and underlined text,[12] although it could not render fonts.[3] It was not initially popular, since its user interface was different from the leading word processor at the time, WordStar.[13] However, Microsoft steadily improved the product, releasing versions 2.0 through 5.0 over the next six years. In 1985, Microsoft ported Word to the Macintosh. This was made easier by Word for DOS having been designed for use with high-resolution displays and laser printers, even though none were yet available to the general public.[14] Following the precedents of LisaWrite and MacWrite, Word for Mac added true WYSIWYG features. After its release, Word for Mac's sales were higher than its MS-DOS counterpart for at least four years.[6] The second release of Word for Macintosh, shipped in 1987, was named Word 3.0 to synchronize its version number with Word for DOS; this was Microsoft's first attempt to synchronize version numbers across platforms. Word 3.0 included numerous internal enhancements and new features, including the first implementation of the Rich Text Format (RTF) specification, but was plagued with bugs. Within a few months, Word 3.0 was superseded by a more stable Word 3.01, which was mailed free to all registered users of 3.0.[14] After MacWrite, Word for Mac never had any serious rivals on the Mac. Word 5.1 for the Macintosh, released in 1992, was a very popular word processor owing to its elegance, relative ease of use and feature set. Many users say it is the best version of Word for Mac ever created.[14][15] In 1986, an agreement between Atari and Microsoft brought Word to the Atari ST[16] under the name Microsoft Write. The Atari ST version was a port of Word 1.05 for the Apple Macintosh[17][18] and was never updated. The first version of Word for...

References: Binary formats (Word 97–2003)[edit]
This section includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations
XML Document (Word 2003)[edit]
Main article: Microsoft Office XML formats
Third-party formats[edit]
Plugins permitting the Windows versions of Word to read and write formats it does not natively support, such as international standard OpenDocument format (ODF) (ISO/IEC 26300:2006), are available
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