Study Guide for Exam 1 Microbiology
1. Be able to list the 6 major organisms studied in microbiology: Bacteria, Protozoas, Algae, Parasites, Yeasts and Molds, and Viruses. 2. Know the 5 Kingdoms of living organisms: Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Protista, and Monera- Bacteria and Cynobacteria. 3. Know the 5 characteristics of life: Cells, Maintain Structure, Respond to Stimuli, Reproduce, Evolve & Adapt to Environment. 4. Be able give one example of how microbes benefit humans: They are primary decomposers and produce various food products. 5. Why are bacteria ideal for use in biotechnology: Easy to manipulate and have an easy structure. 6. Know how microbial antagonism is important in relation to normal flora in humans: Prevents potential pathogens from gaining access to our body. 7. What is the theory of Spontaneous Generation: Theory that life just “spontaneously” developed from non-living matter. 8. Know the 3 major bacterial morphology types: Bacilli, Cocci, and Spiral. 9. Know the 5 types of Arrangements of bacteria: Staphylo, Strepto, Diplo, Sarcinae, and Tetrad. 10. What types of bonds connect amino acids? Peptide Bonds 11. What are the 4 levels of protein structure? Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Quaternary 12. What is a monosaccharide? Simple Sugars. Disaccharide? Two Monosaccharaides. Polysaccharide? A Chain of Monosaccharaides. 13. What are lipids and what are their functions in bacteria? They are fats and oils. They’re used to store energy and are the structure if the cell membrane and cell wall. 14. Know about Phospholipids: They’re complex lipids that are the main structural component of the cell membrane. 15. What are the two types of Nucleic acid? DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid) 16. What are the basic techniques needed to study bacteria? Grow, Isolate, Grow in Pure Culture, and Identify. 17. Know the steps for preparing a slide for staining: Bacteria on Slide, Air Dry,...
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