C228 Community and Population-Focused Nursing
Western Governors University
Identification of Community
With 10.4 million residents, Los Angeles County surpasses the other 57 counties in the state of California in population. In fact, it is a population larger than any other county in the entire nation. Los Angeles consists of 88 cities and some unincorporated areas, in which over 10 million people live (US Census Bureau, 2014). Los Angeles is a 4,084 square-mile county located in coastal and mountainous southern California (LA County, n.d.). Additionally, 500,000 residents of other counties in the “LA Metro area” such as Ventura, Riverside, and Orange counties commute to Los Angeles for work (Hymon, 2013). The county is a mix of urban, suburban, and rural areas that span over mountains, valleys, and beaches. Angelenos, as residents are called, are a diverse population of “140 cultures and as many as 224 languages” (LA County, n.d.). Los Angeles is the largest manufacturing center in the West, with as many as 500,000 industry workers in clothing, computer accessories, and transportation and food products. It is home to one of the world’s busiest ports and is well-known for the movie, TV, and tourist industries (Los Angeles: Economy, n.d.). According to the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health Mortality Report, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and premature death, as it is for the entire nation. In 2011, there were 4 times more deaths due to cardiovascular disease (11,913) than were caused by the second leading cause of death (3,256). Stroke and cancer are ranked 2 and 3, respectively for the county (Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, 2014 p 9). The National Health Statistics Report show that the prevalence of hypertension and high cholesterol is similar to that of the United States. The prevalence of overweight and obese adults combined is also similar to the US. The leading cause of premature death are also cardiovascular disease, stroke, and cancer, however unintentional injuries, suicides, and homicides account for 22% of years of life lost (LACDPH, 2014, p. 9). Health behaviors such as smoking and physical inactivity are shown to be below the national benchmarks, while teen births and transmission of STDs are higher among Angelenos. Given that cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of overall death in the county, it is important to note that obesity, which is a significant contributor to heart disease, has risen in the county:
In Los Angeles County, the prevalence of adult obesity increased from 13.6% in
1997 to 22.2% in 2007, while obesity rates among school-aged children increased
from 18.9% to 23.0% in 2008 (LACDPH, 2011, p.2).
Summary of Tools
Population Economic Status Assessment
The Population Economic Status Assessment was used to examine the population of Los Angeles County in terms of social, housing, and economic characteristics, as well as the demographic profile. The 2013 US Census Bureau estimates that 10,017,068 people live in LA. Hispanics and Latinos make up 48.3% of the population, non-Hispanic Whites were 27.2%, Asians were 14.6%, and Blacks were 9.2% of the population. Additionally, Native Americans, Pacific Islanders, and those who reported 2 or more races make up the remaining population. Females made up 50.7% of the population, while males made up 49.3%. The majority of the households are families with children at 67.5%, others are single householders and retired persons. Over 76% of adults are high-school graduates, while approximately 30% have bachelor degrees or higher. The majority of homes are valued at $300,000 to $499,999. Between 2008 and 2012, the median household income in Los Angeles was $56,241, and the unemployment rate was 10.8%. Of all families, 13.7% fell below the poverty level, of which 16.8% were households with...
References: California Department of Public Health. (n.d.). Live Birth and Death Rates. Retrieved from http://www.cdph.ca.gov/data/statistics/Documents/VSC-2010-0218.pdf
Cerritos, California (CA 90703) profile
Los Angeles County Department of Public Health. (2014). Mortality in Los Angeles County 2011 (OHAE/EU-2014-1). Retrieved from http://publichealth.lacounty.gov/docs/mortalityrpt11.pdf
Los Angeles County Fire Department
Please join StudyMode to read the full document