Problem Solution Analysis Paper
Course Number MGT 623
Legal and Ethical Issues in Management
Dr. Dave Ibarra
Lauren M. Middleton
November 9th, 2014
When it comes to managing genetic products, each ethical philosophy can come into play in some fashion. The first of these would be Free Market. Free Market ethics state that the goal of any business is to be profitable (Halbert & Ingulli 2012). A business will do whatever it needs to without breaking any laws in order to make the money that they want. This could cross into ethics and morals.
A business should not disclose medical information unless it is necessary for the company to succeed. If an individual has a highly-infectious disease in their system, it might be important for a company to share this information with another if that person is planning to work with others in one way or another. The lawsuits that may follow with hiring an individual that will make others ill as well would not be worth it. This would create ethical dilemmas because the company might need the information but the employee may not consent to disclosing it.
Utilitarianism is another ethical philosophy that would be used when it comes to companies that manage genetic products. Utilitarianism is all about doing what will be best for the most amount of people in the end. This is more about doing what should be done to benefit everyone possible even if it means cutting into profits or potential profits of the company.
Companies that manage genetic products would most likely disclose any medical information that would help the company over the individual. The issue at hand again is that most of the time it would not be their place to release information without consent. They would have to fight dilemmas of doing what is legal and what is ethical. Ethically they may want to disclose the information to another company but legally they might not be able to do so.
Deontological ethics would favor individuals over the companies. This philosophy is based on generally accepted morals of society (Halbert & Ingulli 2012). A company that follows this would want to create a strong bond with individuals and not disclose their genetic products with other third-party companies. This would make a strong connection based on fairness and respect. The person’s tests and medical history is personal, private information that should be kept that way unless otherwise stated. The dilemma that may come up is when they are asked to disclose the information in order for the person to get hired or carry on working somewhere. They would have to fight what is being asked and what is the right thing to do.
The final ethical philosophy to discuss is the Virtue or Ethics. The atmosphere develops these that a society is exposed too. It follows with how a community does things in that area, typically in a positive manner. A company would once again have issues deciding what is actually legal and what the correct thing to do is. If they have been exposed to other companies disclosing information, then they may be inclined to do so. If they have been exposed to others keeping information private, that is the direction they will lean towards in the end.
Currently there are a number of different legal structures in place that help regulate consumer privacy with companies that handle genetic products (Halbert & Ingulli 2012). These are used to keep the companies in check and not allow them to disclose the information to anyone and everyone at any time. Depending on the act or policy, the company has to follow certain measures. Each one serves a different purpose in order to protect consumers.
The Health Information Portability and Accountability Act would require consent for the information to be shared, but it would not prevent the discrimination. If an employee wanted to work with infants or individuals with weak immune...
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