Mexican Populism

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Populism is a political movement, which supports the mass of the working class and/or peasantry, but individuals who lead them are from higher social classes. In Argentina the populist movement emerged with Juan Perón. Before Perón, Argentina’s export of beef and grain grew exponentially. Matter of fact, in the early twentieth century the country was going through incredible growth with a growth national product that rivaled European countries. However, the social gap was rapidly increasing as growth was increasing. The conservative party opposed to incorporate workers into the system and to advance women’s rights, which let to the dissatisfaction of the system. Perón realized the forging of an alliance between Argentina’s industrialists, popular sector, women, and working class was essential to win the working class of the revolution. Perón along with his wife recognized that ISI was a program that could increase hyper-nationalism to achieve women’s and workers rights. Perón also tried to combine the idea of communism and capitalism throughout his policies, but not pleasing either side. He controlled the labor movement and sought it as a threat …show more content…
The civil war during the revolution era was followed by eleven more years of sporadic uprisings and assassinations. Unlike other forms of populism, Mexican populism had to incorporate the population because they had mobilized to fight the Revolution. This resulted in the Cárdenas presidency, which was an era of union organizing, land reform, cultural innovation, and nationalism. Cárdenas built a coalition of working and middle classes supported reform and ISI, but although there were attempts to aid the rural sector, change was not effectively planted. Unlike Chile, Argentina, and Brazil, the system did not end with military rule. However, cases of fraud and repression increased and the political system became more

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