Mexican American

Topics: New Mexico, California, California Gold Rush Pages: 5 (481 words) Published: June 26, 2013
The Status of Mexican Americans, 1848-1900

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: treaty that conclude the war b/w U.s and Mexico. U.S wins and texas is now part of USA

50% of Territory: mexico forced by this treaty to give up 50% of its territory

Mexican Nationals

Property & Economic Rights

Article IX: provide protection of property

Article X: grants citizenship

Changing Society:

1. head political system
2. dislocate the landed elite
3. displace native merchants
4. dominion over agriculture
5. disenfranchise the masses
6. proletarianize the masses
(ppl who own land become displaced- taken away from their land)


Mexican Americans



The Subjugation of Mexican Americans

Land loss: California gold rush 1849, fruad
California Gold Rush, 1849

Sheriff sales: ?

Santa Fe Ring: made up of politician’s high classes, come together and form alliance for to clear out the land.

Greedy squatters: ppl who just come and live on your land

Natural disaster: ?


Proletariat: the working class ppl.
Unspecialized Workers: unskilled workers.
Vagrancy: having no job

Women: less threaten then men, that’s why they are more highly to employ.

Segregation: over color, race

Disenfranchised: not allowed to vote

Population party aka ppl party: involved all types of ppl. Many inline themselves with this party.

Barrioization: the segregation of mex amer communities by capital and state Barrio: neighborhood

Social darwinisms: imperialism, colonialism, racism. “survival of the fittest” Charles Darwin, also defend laissez-faire

Nativism: racism terms used to Mexican american




Violence: lynching, whipping, hanging

Cart war 1857: over vendor

El paso salt war: Mexican am vs. Americans over salt war

Francisco Gandarra: lynched, in black water Arizona 1872
Juanita: downieville, was was raped, killed her rapist. California 1851 Francisco Torres: California 1872

Resistance by Mexican Americans
Ex. La Raza: the tace. feel like foreigners, outsiders , treated bad Barrio: neighborhood

Compadrazgo: god parent system
Bodas: wedding (marriage)
Corridos: musical ballot (sing about justice, crime, segregation) good way to express anger

Religion: mes am. Use to resist change in society
Roman catholic church
Mexican Catholicism

Curanderos: healers
Ex. Don pedrito Jaramillo (TX)
Santa Teresa (female healer)(Arizona)

Santa clara: earliest labor right event movement. Takes place in cali 1853

Political gain: ex, Amado chavez

Muckraking: investing reporter, journalist

Gringos: identified non Americans ( what Mexican use)

Violence: Mexican respond
Social banditry: hero, but other ppl is seen as a bad person and violent Ex. Juan Nepomuceno Cortina: successful win war on Brownsville, TX 1859- Cortina war 1859-1860 Joaquin Murieta, 1851: sexual assault of his wife that dies, so goes into war. Cali 1851


Political Subjugation:

Reduced to 2nd Class Citizens


Cart War, 1857

Resistance by Mexican Americans

Social Banditry


Acts of Banditry

Juan Nepomuceno Cortina

Brownsville, 1859

Republic of Rio Grande

Tiburcio Vasquez

Joaquin Murieta

Foreign Miners Tax

Cycle of Violence…

Nuecestown Raid, 1875

Corpus Christi

White Caps

New Mexico

Fence-cutting Wars
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