Methods of teaching English in schools
A particular form of procedure for accomplishing or approaching something, especially a systematic or established one. Two important methods of teaching.
1. Grammar translation method
2. Direct method
Grammar Translation Method
Sometimes also known as the Classical Method, this is a traditional teaching technique that was used to teach Latin and Greek and was particularly in vogue during the 16th Century. The focus of this method was on the translation of texts, grammar, and rote learning of vocabulary. There was no emphasis on speaking and listening comprehension. This teaching method is still common in many countries like here in Pakistan and still appeals to those interested in learning second language. However, it does little to improve your ability to use the language for oral communication. The main focus on learning the rules of grammar and their application in translation passages from one language into the other. Vocabulary in the target language is learned through direct translation from the native language, e.g. with vocabulary tests such as: The house = das Haus
The mouse = das Maus
This approach, also known as the ‘oral ‘or ‘natural ‘method. It is an alternative to the traditional grammatical translation method. At this time teachers were starting to experiment with teaching techniques which helped them to improve their speaking skills The Direct Method is based on the direct involvement of the student when speaking, and listening. There is lots of oral interaction, spontaneous use of the language, no translation, and little if any analysis of grammar rules and syntax.
Most useful method in teaching second language
Personally, I think that a method in language teaching is a program that all teachers should follow to teach a language. Each program is based on the different sections of language teaching such as reading, writing, listening and grammar. The two main methods that nowadays are being applied are: the Grammar Translation Method and the Direct Method. Both Methods are applied in a different context. Depending on the necessities of the students, the teacher could apply one or other method. Grammar Translation Method
The Grammar Translation Method is an old method which was originally used to teach dead languages which explains why it focuses mainly on the written form at the expense of the oral form. Its practice focuses on exercises translating sentences or texts from mother tongue to the target language and vice versa. It is surprising to see that the Grammar Translation Method was still in use in some classroom. May be, it’s because Translation is the easiest and shortest way of explaining meaning of words and phrases. Learners have no difficulties to understand the lesson as it is carried out in the mother tongue. It is a labor-saving method as the teacher carries out everything in the mother tongue. Suitable Method In Our Schools:
Schools in our country are mostly using the Grammar Translation Method to teach English. Though there are many schools shift to Direct Method for example introduction of English as a medium of instruction in all public schools. But still we are relying on GTM a lot. There are many reasons of this factor. On the other hand in the private schools and institutions, the situation is better to some extent. They are promoting the use of Direct Method in foreign teaching. One reason of this difference between govt. and private institutions is difference of their teacher’s competence. According to me Direct Method is suitable for teaching English in our schools. Teaching of English with the help of Urdu makes the students dependent on the translation. Moreover learner is mostly unable to shift the language style situation to situation. Pronunciation and communication skills also lack behind. That’s why in our schools we need a method that could make up the draw backs in our previous method....
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