What is a hazard?
A hazard is any way damage, harm or anything affecting health at work. Hazards can be caused by any health effects or by organizations as property or equipment.
What is a risk?
A risk is if a person has a change that they will be harmed due to a hazard. Factors that can affect the risk are; how much the person has been affected by the hazard and how severe the effects were.
Evaluate the Risk:
For evaluating the risk, the hazards have to be spotted first. By law you have to do everything “reasonably practicable” to stop anyone in the workplace from getting an injury while using equipment. For example when using a pillar drill a plastic transparent cover could be used to protect the user from hotel metal spinning back of the metal, and if goggles were worn then the metal could burn through the goggles. So this could prevent any further hazards from wearing goggles, and further prevention of the hot drill bits going in people eyes or burning the user’s skin.
Safety signs need to be used all around the working area such as an emergency escape sign need to be luminous and be able to be seen, so a stand out colour is green. Also the first aid signs need to be the same green s both of them are equally important as fires and a first aid box could help in the event of someone getting injured using the machinery. These signs are called “safe condition sign”.
Fire Exit signs also need to be a luminous sign which can be sign all over the workplace they should be red and should be seen all over the workplace. These signs should provide information on how to get out of the building, in the event of a fire. Also the sign should provide information of where the nearest fire-fighting equipment is and how to use the equipment.
There are other types of signs such as “mandatory sign” which is a sign describing behaviour, which are required to be blue. Another type of sign is “prohibition sign” is a sign
Bibliography: What is a hazard - http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/hsprograms/hazard_risk.html What is a risk - http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/hsprograms/hazard_risk.html Evaluate the risk - http://www.hse.gov.uk/risk/step3.htm Safety Signs - http://www.safetysignsupplies.co.uk/resources/health-and-safety-sign-law Identify exits - http://www.nonprofitrisk.org/tools/workplace-safety/public-sector/topics/em/exits-ps.htm Take steps to control risks – http://www.deir.qld.gov.au/workplace/cafeonline/employers/steps/index.htm Wear adequate PPE - http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg174.pdf Risk Assessments - http://www.hse.gov.uk/toolbox/managing/managingtherisks.htm