Running head: metacognition
METACOGNITION AND LEARNING
UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA
MICHEAL O’BRIEN MORAN
7TH FEB 2012
Metacognition refers to the act of thinking about thinking that is knowing one’s knowledge. It is also a way of finding out one's thinking processes. It has to do with the active monitoring and regulation of cognitive processes. cognitive process - (psychology) the performance of some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents; "the process of thinking"; "the cognitive operation of remembering". * Metacognition is “ knowledge about executive control systems” and the “ evaluation (of) cognitive states such as self appraisal and self management” (Brown, 1996). * Metacognition is defined in the Mayer text as knowledge and awareness of one's own cognitive processes (Mayer,2003) * Metacognition is "knowledge or beliefs about factors affecting one's own cognitive activities; also reflection on a monitoring of one's own cognitive processes, such as memory or comprehension" (ERIC Descriptors: 190).
Most people consider metacognition to be just thinking about thinking, but there is more to it than that, According to Flavell(2000,2003) metacognition consist of both metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive regulations. (1) Metacognitive knowledge according to flavell (1997):
1. Knowledge of person variables: general knowledge about how human beings learn and process information, as well as individual knowledge of one's own learning processes 2. Knowledge of task variables: knowledge about the nature of the task as well as the type of processing demands that it will place upon the individual. 3. Knowledge of strategy variables: knowledge about both cognitive and metacognitive strategies, as well as conditional knowledge about when and where it is appropriate to use such strategies...
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